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不定代词

(2011-06-13 16:29:03)
标签:

宋体

不定代词

定语

单数

 

不定代词

一.    不定代词分类

1.        表示两个:botheitherneither

2.        表示全部:allanynone

3.        表示部分:oneanothereachsomeseveral, little/fewmany/muchothermost,ect.

4.        合成不定代词:somebody/someone, anybody/anyone, everybody/everyone, nobody/no one, something, everything, nothing

5.        只表示单数概念的有:either,each,one,以及合成不定代词。

6.        即可表示单数又可以表示复数概念的有:other,another.

7.        既可以表示可数又可以表示不可数概念的有:all,any,some,most,none.

8.        只表示不可数概念的有:little,much

9.        表示全部否定:none,neither,nobody,nothing,ect.

二.    词性变通

1.        作代词用相当于名词只能作主语、宾语、表语,ect.

带定语时为特指,例如:Some of the loacals like hot food; the others like sweet food. All the books are Tom’s; none of them is/are mine.

无定语时为泛指,例如:Some like hot food; others like sweet food. All goes on well.

2.        作形容词用作定语或表语。例如:Most students dislike maths. Do you have any questions? They are few but we are many.

3.        none不能作定语,但可以带定语表示特指;no one=nobody只指人,不能带定语。例如:None of us knew it then. No one/Nobody knows it.

4.        all,both,each还可以作同位语。例如:They are all from the USA.We can each get a ticket.My parents will both attend your birthday party.

5.        合成不定代词不能作定语,不能带of短语。

6.        every,no只作形容词用,不属于不定代词范围。

三.    具体用法

1.        botheithereachneither都可以表示两个人或事物,但both表示两个都either “两者中的任何一个neither“两个都不”、each“两者或三者以上中每个都”。例如:

I'll take both of them with me.我会把他们两人都带去。(两个都)

You may take either of them with you.两个中间你随便带哪一个去都行。(二者之一)

I agree with neither of you.你们两人的话我都不同意。(两个都不)

You may take either road.两条路你走哪一条都行。(形容词)

Either of the books will do.两本书随便哪一本都可以。(代词)

He gave two to each of them.他给他们每人两个。

2.        allany, noneanother只能代表三个或三个以上的人或事物。例如:

Here are ten books. You can read any of them. (其中任何一本) You can read each of them. (其中每一本)You can read all of them.(全部)

You can read none of them.(一本也不读)

I have read all of them. Plaese show me another.

No man=not a single man; no persons=not any persons; no money= not any mony.

3.        全部否定和部分否定

全部否定用none, neither,nobody/no one, nothing, not …any,ect.例如:

None of them like it.他们谁也不喜欢它。(特指)

No one likes her.没人喜欢她。(泛指)

Neither (of you)is right(你们)两个都不对。

Neither book is good.两本书都不好。

We don’t like any of them.= We like none of them.

Nothing is difficult in the world.

部分否定用all,both,each everyone, everything+notect.。例如:

All of the girls are not Young Pioneers.并不是所有的女孩都是少先队员。

Both of them are not my good friends.他们两个并不都是我的好朋友。

Not all is going well.并不是一切都顺利。(all指代事物为单数)

All of you are not ill.并不是所有的人都病了吧?(all 指人为负数)

4. someany,相当于一些”,作定语用时较多,可以修饰可数名词复数或不可数名词。some多用于肯定句,any多用于疑问句、否定句或条件从句。注意:在表示请求、建议、反问等的疑问句中多用some,而不用any。例如:

Would you like to have some tea? 喝点茶吧。

Do you have any money? I can lend you some.你有钱吗?没有,我可以借给你。

Do you have some money? Mine is not enough.I need some.你带钱了吗? 我的不够。

5. another, other

another是指三个或三个以上中的另一个,表示单数概念,接数词加复数名词表示“再,还”之意,相当于数词+other+名词复数。是泛指概念。例如:

other意为两个中的另一个 ;众多中的“另一些,另外的;其它的”,特指时要加定冠词the,与数词连用时,位于数词之后;othersomeanyeveryno等连用时,后面的名词可用单数; 搭配“one...,the other...表示一个……,另一个……”;“some...,others...表示一些……,其它的……”;every other…“每隔。例如:

I have published three books. I’m going to print another next year.我已经出版了三本书,打算明年再出一本。

In another five years= In five other years, I’ll serve in the army.再过五年,我就去当兵。

I have two sisters. One is a doctor and the other a teacher.

I have four brothers. One is an engineer, another is a public servant and the other two are students.

As far as a thing is concerned, usually,some say yes; others say no.

Give me two other books.给我两本别的书。(= another two books

Please come some other time/day.请你换个时间(改天)来吧。

注意下面四个句子的意思:

Every month,we have a test in English.(每个月)

Every two months,we have a test in English. (每两个月)(= Every other monthEvery second month,每隔一个月,

6. One,both,each,all

one用作代词时,用于代替前面刚提到的一个东西或人,以避免重复。有定语时可带冠词,复数形式为ones。例如:

I bought two shirts,a red one and a white one.

Are there some more booksI've read all these old ones

One can only do one's duty

7.manymuchfewlittle

many/few修饰可数名词,much/little修饰不可数名词,主要用于疑问句和否定句

8. none意为没有一个人(东西),在句中可作主语、宾语、同位语等。如:All of the students sat for the exambut none passed it.(none用作主语)。注意:nonenono one的区别:none即可指人,又可指物;而no one只用于指人;no只能用作定语。

Are there any pictures on this page---None这一页上有插图吗?没有。

How many students have failed the math test?  ---None.

No one is willing to be given away.

四.数的概念

有些不定代词表示全体时用复数,表示个体时用单数;表示事物时用单数,表示人时用复数。例如:

None of us has got a bike.我们谁都没有自行车。(指每个人用单数动词)

None of us have got a bike.我们都没有自行车。(指全体用复数动词)

Neither of my friends has come yet.我的两个朋友没一个来。

Neither of my friends have come yet.我的两个朋友都没来。

All are here. (=Everyone is here)全都到齐了。

All has gone wrong.全都搞砸了。

注意下面三句中some的意思:

I need some students to help me with the task.(a few students)

I need some money to buy another dictionary..(a little money)

I read this poem in some book last year.(a certain book)

 

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