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英语句子成分的强调形式

(2010-11-05 22:04:33)
标签:

宋体

句子成分

现在时态

过去时态

谓语

杂谈

英语句子成分的强调形式

  一、用词或词组强调句子成分

1、用助动词“dodoesdid)+动词原形来谓语强调。这种情况仅限于祈使句或一般现在时态和一般过去时态的肯定句。例如:

  We did inform him ahead of time.我们的确提前通知了他。

He does know the place well.他的确很熟悉这个地方。

  Do write to me when you get there.你到那儿后务必给我来信。

  2、用形容词 veryonlysinglesuch, last等修饰名词来加强语气。例如:

  That's the very textbook we used last term.这正是我们上学期用过的教材。

  You are the only person here who can speak Chinese.你是这里唯一会讲汉语的人。

  Not a single person has been in the shop this morning.今天上午这个商店里连一个人都没有。

  How dare you buy such expensive jewels?你怎么敢买这么贵的宝石呢?

  He is the last person I want to see in this world! 我最不想看他了!

3用副词only来强调句子成分

only强调的句子陈分前置时,句子的主语和谓语要到装。强调主语时不倒装。例如:

Only in this way can we solve this problem.只有这样,我们才能解决这个问题。

Only him do I know here.在这儿我只认得你。

Only by boat can we reach the top of the hill.只有坐船,我们才能到达山顶。

Only when animals feel frightened can they attack people.只在受到威胁的时候, 动物才会攻击人。

Only through a third person could he find the place.只有通过第三者,他才能找到那个地方。

4、用in the worldon earthat all等介词短语可以表达更强的语气(常用于疑问句)。例如:

  Where in the world could he be?他到底会在哪儿?

  What on earth is it?它究竟是什么?

  Do you know it at all?你到底知不知道?

  5用重复来表示强调。例如:

  WellWellDon’t cry!好了,好了,别哭了

  They walked for miles and miles.他们走了好多英里。

  Many, many years ago, there were people here who lived in caves.很久很久以前,这儿还有人住在山洞里。

6用倒装结构句来加强语气。例如:

  On the table were some flowers.桌上摆着一些花。(强调地点)

Many a time have I climbed that hill.我多次翻过那座山。(强调时间)

Never have I read such a long novel.我从未看过这么长的小说。

  二、用特殊句型来强调句子成分

1用强调句型

“It iswas)+被强调的部分+thatwho)+原句其它部分来强调除谓语以外的句子陈分。被强调的部分为时用who时用that。原句谓语是现在时态和将来时态用is,是过去时态、过去完成时态和过去将来时态用was。例如:

  It is in the classroom that we shall hold the English evening.我们将在教室里举行英语晚会。

It is the girls who/that are cleaning the office.就是那些女孩子们在打扫办公室。

It was with Mr. Smith that we had finished the design before he left.在史密斯离开之前,我们就是和他一起完成这项设计的。

It is through doing dishes in a restourant that he has completed his college education.就是通过在一家餐馆洗盘子,他完成了大学教育。

It's me who/that he’s blamed.他怪的是我。

It was on Monday night that all this happened.所有这一切发生在周一晚上。

It was because he committed a bad crime that he lost the chance to go to univerdity.

It was not until she returned that I left.直到他回来我才离开。

It is where he was born that he still lives.他还住在他出生的地方。

It is to complete the project in time that they have to work odd hours.就是为了按时完成任务,他们才加班加点。

2If来表示强调

If从句+I don't know whowhatetcdoesishasetc.也可以来表示强调。主语部分也可以用nobody doesishasetc.或everybody doesishaset c.来代替,这里的if从句往往是正话反说,反话正说。例如:

  If he can't do itI don't know who can.要是他做不了这件事,我不知道还有谁能做。(强调只有他能做)

  If Jim is a cowardeverybody is.要是吉姆是个胆小鬼,那么人人都是胆小鬼。(强调吉姆不是胆小鬼)

  类似句子还有:

  If anyone knew the truthit was Tom.如果说谁了解事实的真相,那便是汤姆。

If there is one thing he lovesit is money.如果说世界上还有他爱的东西,那便是金钱。

3用感叹句来表示强烈的感情,突出说话人的情感。例如:

How interesting a story it is!这是一个多么有趣的故事啊!

  Ohwhat a lie!啊,真是弥天大谎!

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