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让步状语和目的状语

(2010-10-24 10:34:13)
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宋体

介词短语

状语从句

动词不定式

目的

让步状语和目的状语、

一、让步状语

1、     副词作让步状语

It’s dark. We’ll have to continue to harvest the crops, though. 天黑了。尽管如此,我们还得继续收割庄稼。

2、介词短语作让步状语

In spite of his shortcomings, he is responsible. 尽管他有缺点,他还是很有责任心的。

Despite the traffic jam, he arrived here on time. 尽管交通阻塞,他还是按时到达了。

3、   从句作让步状语

引导让步状语从句的连词很多,如:as, although, though, while; even if/though; however, whatever, whenever, wherever, whether, whichever, whoever; no matter what/ who/ which/ where/ when/ how, etc.

Although/Though he is young, he deals with such things considerably carefully. 他虽然很年轻,但是在处理这类事情时他还是很细心。

Sick as/though he was, he still took part in the examination. 尽管他生病了, 他还是参加了考试。

While some people haven’t enough to eat, some of us waste food..尽管有人食不果腹,但我们有些人还浪费粮食。

Say what you may, I won’t change my mind. 不管你说什么, 我都不会改变主意的。

However hard it may rain, we can’t stop the work. 不管雨下多大, 我们都不能停止工作。

No matter when you may come back, I shall be waiting for you here. 不管你什么时候回来,我都会在这儿等你。

二、目的状语

1、   介词短语作目的状语

We usually go out for a walk after supper. 晚饭后,我通常出去散步。

We held a big farewell party in honor of the Olympic team of China. 我们为中国的奥运“军团”举行了一个盛大的欢送会。

He worked overtime for the purpose of finishing the work before May. 为了能在五月前完成任务,他加班加点地干。

2、   动词不定式作目的状语

我们常用to do, in order to do, so as to do引导目的状语,例如:

In order to give the orphan more help, I adopted him. 为了能更好地帮助那个孤儿,我收养了他。

We furnished air conditions in the classroom, (so as) to reduce the temperature inside. 为了降低室内温度, 我们在教室里安装了空调。

He came to help us. 他过来帮助我们。

3、   从句作目的状语

连词that, lest, for fear that, in case, in order that, so that, etc.都可以引导目的状语从句,例如:

Ask her to hurry up with the papers (so) that I can sign them. 叫他赶快把文件准备好,以便我好签字。

Take more clothes in case the weather becomes cold. 多带点衣裳,以防天冷。

 

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