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一个刚果女孩的辛酸生活(BBC)

(2008-03-23 14:56:21)
标签:

杂谈

 

DR Congo's 'dangerous' superstition 
By Angus Crawford
BBC News, Kinshasa 

民主刚果共和国的危险迷信

英国广播公司记者 安古斯·克劳福德  发自金沙萨
 
Gracia is traumatised by the witchcraft accusation
Gracia likes watching television - mostly soaps and cartoons, but sometimes the news.
The young woman, tall and thin with braided hair coiled on her head, is doing well at school and wants to be a doctor.

In the two-and-a-half years since I last saw her, her life has been transformed.

加西亚被巫术的指控伤害了。

加西亚喜爱看电视,大多看肥皂剧和卡通片,偶尔也看看新闻。

加西亚年轻、高挑,扎着缠绕的小辫儿,拥有优异的学习成绩并梦想成为一名医生。

自从我上次见到她,已经有两年了。两年中,她的生活可谓沧海桑田。

Then, she was living with 30 people in one house, too poor to afford school fees.

She had been sent back to DR Congo by her father and step-mother, after living with them in Tottenham, north London, for several years.

She is thought to be among hundreds of African children living in the UK and sent back to DR Congo or Angola after being accused of witchcraft.

Traumatised

The issue came to light in the summer of 2005, when a court in London heard the case of a young girl who was tortured after being accused of being possessed.

那时的她,和30多个人蜗居在一间小屋里,穷困的连学费都交不起。

在北伦敦居住了几年后,她被父亲和继母送回了刚果。

刚果每年都有几百名非洲儿童因为“巫术”的罪名被遣返回刚果或者安哥拉,加西亚正是其中之一。

心灵伤害

事情是从2005年夏天开始的,当时伦敦一家法庭听闻有一位年轻女孩因为被控“恶灵附体”而备受折磨。

The jury learnt a new word, kindoki. It is what the Congolese call witchcraft.

After I first reported on Gracia's plight in Kinshasa, one listener was so moved she began sending money to support the girl.

 陪审团学会了一个新词汇,今多吉。这是刚果人对巫术的叫法。

当我第一次在金沙萨报道了加西亚的情况后,一位听众十分感动并且开始向加西亚汇款援助。 
Now, Gracia lives with her aunt and can afford school fees.

Inside her home there is a television and three sofas, and her mother has come to visit.

Gracia tells me how thankful she is for the financial help she has received, and talks about her favourite lessons, living with her aunt, and the holidays.

现在加西亚和姑姑住在一起并且可以上学了。

在她家里有一台电视和三座沙发,她的妈妈刚刚来访。

加西亚告诉我她十分感激对她施以援手的人们,并和我谈起了她最喜欢的课程、和姑姑的生活还有假期。

But when I ask her to tell me what led her father and step-mother to accuse her of witchcraft, she does not reply.

Often these accusations can be a way of ridding a family of an extra mouth to feed.

Gracia is "very traumatised", says Adolphine Kumbaki, who runs a charity called Bantu Cocorico, which has been helping to look after Gracia.

"To say a child is a witch is very, very dangerous," she says, and many such children are abandoned.

但当我问到她什么原因导致她父亲和继母控告她巫术罪行时,她选择了沉默。

这些罪名通常是某些家庭“裁剪人口”的方式。

阿道尔芬尼·库柏基是一家名叫班图·科克里格的慈善机构的负责人,她说“加西亚感到身心备受伤害”,该慈善组织目前负责照料加西亚。

“说小孩是巫师是非常,非常危险的,”她说,很多儿童就是这样被抛弃的。

 

Aid agencies think that the most of the 13,000 children sleeping rough in Kinshasa have been accused of kindoki.

Stigma

Gracia's mother says that even though life is much better for her daughter, her daughter longs to return to London.

Asked if London or Kinshasa feels like home, Gracia replies simply: "London."

"I don't like being here, I don't like the schools here, I don't want to stay here," she says.

 援助机构认为金沙萨露宿街头的13000名儿童中,大多数都被控有巫术罪。

污点

加西亚的母亲说尽管现在生活还不错,但女儿还是非常想回到伦敦。

当问加西亚是金沙萨还是伦敦更像家,她脱口而出“伦敦”。

“我不喜欢在这儿,我不喜欢这儿的学校,我不想呆在这儿,”她说。
Gracia is doing well at school, and wants to be a doctor

Her mother says she would like Gracia to return to the UK.

"She isn't happy, she always thinks of returning," she says.

But there is no prospect of return.

Kinshasa, desperately poor with its streets full of hawkers and smell of diesel and sewage, is alien, but Gracia has got to stay.

Though she feels trapped, she does talk of her future. She is doing well at school, especially in maths.

A good education then may prove to be her way out, by providing a cure for the stigma.

 加西亚在学校表现很好,并且立志成为一名医生。她妈妈说她也希望加西亚有朝一日能回到英国去。“她不开心,她总是想着回去,”她妈妈说。

但是回去的前景并不明朗。

在极度贫困的金沙萨,在这个大街小巷充斥着小贩、柴油味和污水味的陌生城市,加西亚必须留下。

尽管她感觉生活放不开手脚,但还是和我们谈起了未来。她在学校表现不错,尤其是数学方面。

良好的教育能洗刷加西亚身负的污点,这或许是加西亚改变命运的唯一出路。

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