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李翔名师工作室工作简报第71期

(2020-07-25 11:10:14)
分类: 工作简报

高中英语写作常见话题(6):天气(含相关词汇、短语和优秀句型)

从近几年高考英语写作题来看,总结为常考的24个话题。今天小简老师就为大家整理这24个话题经常涉及到的词汇、短语和优秀句型,大家一定要做好日常的素材积累,这样的话写作无论考什么话题,大家都能做到胸有成竹!

  1. 话题词汇
    weather  天气,气象  

climate  气候 

 rain  雨  

sky  天空  

snow  雪 

 storm  暴风雨 

thunder  雷 

 heat  炎热天气 

 degree  度数

  season  季节

  blow  吹 

 destroy  破坏

 fall  跌,倒,下降 

 last  持续

  pour  倾倒、倒,灌 

 forecast 预报  

depend  依靠

 shine  发光,照耀 

 drop  落下,降落 

 cause  引起,促使  

sunny  阳光灿烂的 

cold  冷的 

 warm  温暖的 

 changeable  易变的、常变的  

violent  猛烈的,激烈的 

dry 干的,干燥的 

 sunburnt  晒黑的 

 misty  有薄雾的,模糊的

  fine  晴朗的

 cloudy 多云的  
二、话题词组/短语
be likely to  有可能 

in general  总的来说 

 by comparison  相比之下,比较而言 

as soon as possible  尽快  

quantities of  大量的  

weather forecast\report 天气预报 

heavy showers 强降雨  

return to normal 恢复正常  

be caught in a heavy rain 遇上一场大雨  

be covered with ice and snow  被冰雪覆盖  

donate\contribute money to sb. 给某人捐款  

rebuild one’s homeland 重建家园  

sunny then cloudy\cloudy then rainy 晴转多云\多云转雨 

 with more than 200 people injured\missing 有200多人受伤\失踪 

 cause economic losses  经济损失 

sunny then cloudy/cloudy then rainy 晴转阴/阴转雨

heavy showers 强阵雨

a sunny day  阳光灿烂的一天

weather forecast/report  天气预报

drop/fall to five degree below zero 降到零下八度

freezing cold/burning hot 非常寒冷/炎热

be caught in a heavy rain 遇上一场大雨

rains cats and dogs/pouring rain 倾盆大雨

take an umbrella or raincoat 带一把雨伞或一件雨衣

(buildings) fall down (房屋)倒塌    

 (water and power supplies) be cut off  (水电)被切断

last as long as over a month 延续长达一个月

be destroyed in the hurricane 在飓风中被毁坏

be covered with ice and snow 被冰雪覆盖

(people) be killed in the flood/storm 在洪水/暴风雨中遇难

cause 13 deaths and 5 people missing 造成3个死亡和2人失踪

with more than 200 people injured/missing 有200多人受伤/失踪

sth be in ruins; fall into ruins 某物成为废墟

become homeless  变得无家可归

cause great damage/economic losses 造成巨大损失/经济损失

send out rescue teams 派出救援队

donate/contribute money to sb 给某人捐款

rebuild one’s homeland 重建家园

return to normal 恢复正常

flood control and drought relief 防汛抗旱
三、话题佳句/句式
The more carbon dioxide in the air, the more heat it will absorb, and the warmer the earth will be. 空气中二氧化碳越多,吸收的热量就越多,地球就会变得越暖。
The most important thing we should do is to try our best to exploit and popularize the clean energy, such as the solar and wind energy.

我们应该做的最重要的事情就是尽力去开发和普及洁净能源,如太阳能和风能 。
Nowadays, natural disasters have been more widespread and more frequent, becoming very rapidly an increasing threat to development. 如今,自然灾害更加普遍和频繁,迅速成为了发展越来越大的危胁。
Natural disasters do bring people pain, however, they urge us to reconsider our behavior toward our mother nature.

自然灾害的确给人们带来痛苦,但他们要求我们重新考虑我们对大自然的态度。
The city government took effective measures to protect rare animals.政府采取有效措施保护珍稀动物。
四、连句成篇
1.北京房山曾遇上一场大雨,这场大雨延续长达一个月。(非限制性定语从句)

  1. 由于这场暴风雨的到来,有人在这暴风雨中遇难,许多建筑在飓风中被破坏。

  2. 不仅几乎所有人都变得无家可归,而且整座城市几乎都成为了废墟。(倒装句)

  3. 国家政府一方面派出救援队为这座受灾城市重建家园,一方面呼吁其他城市献爱心,给这座城市捐款。

  4. 在一切恢复正常后,当地政府吸取教训,积极提高人们防汛抗旱的意识。

Beijing Fangshan had been caught in a heavy rain, which lasted as long as over a month. Due to the arrival of storm, some people were killed in the storm, and what’s worse, many buildings were destroyed in the hurricane. Not only were almost all people homeless, but also nearly all the whole city fell into ruins. On the one hand, the national government sent out rescue teams to rebuild their homes for the stricken city, and on the one hand, it appeals to other cities to show their love and to donate money to the city. After everything returned to normal, the local government learnt the lesson and actively improves people's awareness of flood control and drought relief.

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