Artists use which professional oil painting materials to
Oil painting as a system of the complete picture, first fell
not after emerging in the service of the feudal system of
aristocratic family life, social life and political life, give
priority to with portrait or episodic portrait. Great Raphael is
known for idealized frame portraits. The period also produced
outstanding court painter WeChat: LSZ - YS old town of deep oil
painting art, such as lotus, bein. Then the subject matter of this
type in gradually to mythology, religion, war, ShiSu amorous
feelings, the real modal is given priority to, then to level,
vocabulary, structure symbol as the focus, formed the most colorful
map of human civilization of a kingdom. Oil painting's long-term
prosperity depends on its material basis - oil painting materials.
And this must be from the whole painting material base to talk
(a) classification of painting materials is introduced
1, the glue
Oxidation of solidification, under the general temperature
can't become a fluid called irreversible adhesive. Used in the oil
painting base adhesive must be cured rubber irreversible. Base is
unfavorable and thick coating, it is advisable to add water 4-5
times. Irreversible adhesive glue on the purpose of the painting,
the other is a water-soluble pigment binder; Painting as a polish
on the surface of the material. Irreversible plastic plant gum,
gelatin, casein glue, its plain and white latex.
It is mainly used for making agent. Should not be boiled, with
25 times more water brew. Gum Arabic and tragacanth need to add a
little alcohol after stirring, then adding water.
Hide glue, bone glue, isinglass, antler glue, etc. Heating and
60 ℃ cold water soak a day and night, stirring, adhesive and water
ratio of 1:10.
Namely casein adhesive, the 20th century began to used in
paint, chemical stores.
Methyl cellulose gum
Can be used as a white glue, chemical store offers the
Composition is polyvinyl formal. From the hardware store to
buy water of white latex, rubber ratio is 1:4, can be directly to
Reversible glue can also play a role in painting: alum can
anticorrosive, each kilogram of adhesive solution can add 10 grams
of alum with anti-corrosion (few drops carbolic acid, Yang acid,
borax and 6:125 water also can substitute); Glycerine and honey can
be used as a reinforcement and crack. )
Most complete the most practical oil painting knowledge and
techniques, collection no regret!
Drying oil will meet oxygen oxidation coagulation agent oil
must be drying oil, important drying oil with linseed oil and
walnut oil. But heaven fire of linseed oil, walnut oil is not
attached drawing requirements of cooperation, because they have
been oxidized to solid. But raw linseed oil, walnut oil oxidation
so slowly again, not the cementation ability. So meet the
requirements is only half cooked. Half-cooked linseed oil is the
main element of the color mixing of oil. How to make out
half-cooked linseed oil? Method is the linseed oil is filled into
the jar, glass bottles, mouth block on the gauze, placed in
ventilated place insolate one month, the oil will become
transparent and pure, thick of oil. Oily thicken because of
oxidation. To cook the raw walnut oil into half way up. Others use
the method of low temperature heating handling raw walnut oil (see
the second part of Iraq will section). Be drying oil, peanut oil,
soybean oil and so on not curing, not accord with the requirement
of drawing WeChat: LSZ - YS old town of deep oil painting
Turpentine is the most commonly used paint diluted media
agent, composed of rosin distillation, medicinal to pure in
industrial use. Pure gasoline can instead of turpentine oil, but
the problem is that it is always more impurities, volatile too
fast. So the most can be used to wash the pen.
Key material is resin oil, light oil content of resin is
not famous oil painting pure will
make the dark. Preparation of light oil can be a drying oil, oil
can be volatile oil. But not gasoline, it too many impurities.
Usually use turpentine. Light oil, turpentine oil ratio is 2:1,
with resin and should cooperate with these two things as agent,
proportion should be 3:1, the darma fat and fat is superior of the
two kinds of resin with light oil, the former is more expensive,
domestic production, which can also be used "frankincense" instead
of traditional Chinese medicine store.
Half light oil and wax or silica (Sio2). Beeswax no more than
Method is to put the linseed oil or walnut oil into a shallow
pan, cover glass, insolate transplanting.
Slow drying oil
Clove oil drip into the color, can make the dry slow, drip
clove oil color mixing of oil that is to say, is the slow drying
Heavy oil painting light
Natural resin and clove oil is in composition, and if not in
case of an emergency where shouldn't interrupt interrupted, general
use less than it.
Under the movement of the pen, if mutual adhesion of pigment
particles into larger particles, it picture transparency reduced
(larger particles pigment reflect light chaos, can make the picture
hair black, dim). Claborate-style painting mask before dyeing with
mine looking for rendering, because this kind of pigment particles
is not easy to turn on the cover color.
Good painting for the color in the first times (it will take
about 10 hours) and the second time after painting, is to prevent
oil absorption. There is no "glaze" YanLiaoCeng would, without
Resin (resin) resin, Marty thoroughly oxidation after
solidification, the surface of the painting is a layer of shiny
solid enamel knot. It is the source of a medium of drying oil, one
is dissolved ready-made resin (use turpentine) of light oil. In
terms of stability, which is good. Light oil painting on the resin
is in fact the proportion is less than the room with a mixture of
turpentine oil resin.
Resin glue sex, can alleviate the lower level of ground. The
first to give full play to the role of resin greatly liberated the
calligraphy masters are goya.
One of the most ancient painting materials. Many primitive
caves mural is drawn with chalk, charcoal, clay.
Titanium white is easy to return; Lead white fear of oil; Zinc
long will become yellow. Lead white oil, because mild chemical
reaction happens. Lead white opera is very suitable for Dan.
Lithopone lithopone, composition of zinc sulfide and barium
sulfide. Brush base with is much more absorbent base; With less is
the neutral base; Lithopone all need not, only use glue or oily
base, that is not absorbent base. The least oil absorption, is made
of oil base oil base, can make the picture appear very good sense
Wood tenon live
Within the frame set both inside and outside the frame makes
the best two live, so that with the temperature change and
correspondingly adjust tightness.