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关于“让乡村教师下得去留得住教得好”的一些联想

(2017-03-13 17:44:33)
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关于陈宝生部长对于“让乡村教师下得去留得住教得好” 的工作方针,我觉得很赞!

农村校厕的建设和乡村老师的生活息息相关的,因为农村学校的基础卫生条件也是许多刚刚毕业的大学生需要克服的困难, 尤其是女老师,恶劣的厕所卫生环境让很多支教老师畏而止步! 教育是民族的脊梁,让我们多多关注民族教育的基础建设,早日实现中华民族的伟大复兴! 

          



以下是陈部长关于“让乡村教师下得去留得住教得好”答记者问的节选:


十二届全国人大五次会议举行记者会

中国教育部部长陈宝生就“教育改革发展”答记者问

 

新华社记者:刚才陈部长提到考试和教师的问题,我想替乡村教师问一个问题。大家都知道,区域经济发展不平衡,以及城乡的二元分割导致乡村教师难招难留。此前,国家出台了《乡村教师支持计划(2015—2020年)》。请问陈部长,这个政策实施的效果怎么样?下一步,我们还会出台哪些举措,来解决这些乡村教师的后顾之忧?

  陈宝生:谢谢你提了一个很好的问题,为我们的乡村教师代言。

我们国家现在有300万名乡村教师,他们是我国基础教育的脊梁,尤其是我们农村孩子成长的园丁。2015年出台了《乡村教师支持计划(2015—2020年)》,这个《计划》是我们共和国历史上第一个关于乡村教师队伍建设的计划,意味着乡村教师队伍的建设已经上升为国家战略。《计划》实施以来,教育部采取了一系列措施,加强乡村教师队伍的建设。由于历史、经济社会发展不平衡的原因,乡村教师短缺这个问题非常严重,集中表现在三个方面,教育部也围绕这三个方面出台政策和措施,加强乡村教师队伍建设。

一是要“下得去”。乡村教师短缺突出表现是“下不去”。《计划》颁布以后,深入实施“特岗计划”,这是专门针对乡村教师队伍建设的,在全国范围内招收毕业生到乡村工作。这在一定程度上缓解了乡村教师短缺的问题。连片特困贫困地区和265个连片特困贫困地区之外的省贫县都纳入了这个范围。

二是“留得住”。下去了留不住,干一段时间就走了,“特岗计划”也有这个问题。解决留不住这个问题,主要有三招。第一招是中央财政投入了52.53亿元资金,有8.1万所学校的近130万名乡村教师受益。主要是提高补助,让他们在乡村从事教育劳动得到相应的补偿,大体上人均每月300元左右,一些省财政拿出资金投入,标准比较高,最高的每月1500元。这是解决经济范围的。第二招是在全国建了40万套周转房,为乡村教师、特岗教师建周转房,让他们住在条件比较好的地方,能够安心在那里工作。第三招是提高他们的荣誉。我们向106万名在乡村从教30年以上的教师颁发了荣誉证书,这在共和国历史上是第一次。这么大规模地颁发荣誉证书,就是想通过这样的精神奖励,营造教师在乡村从教光荣的浓厚氛围,让他们有职业的荣誉感。这是解决“留不住”的问题。

三是“教得好”。解决“教不好”的问题,主要是质量问题。我们采取一些措施鼓励水平比较高的校长、教师向乡村流动,有经济措施也有保障条件的措施,鼓励他们流动。还有一个措施是培训,培训的关键是学校得有一个好校长。这两年,教育部培训校长380万人次,不断给他们培训,让他们提高管理和教学水平。好的校长带着一帮教师,乡村教学水平才会逐步提高。下一步,我们要继续贯彻落实好乡村教师支持计划,同时还要解决一个问题,就是尽可能向村小和教学点倾斜,统一城乡教师编制标准。另外,要下功夫解决好“长不高”的问题。所谓“长不高”的问题,就是要从制度上解决乡村教师评职称等职业发展问题。做好制度安排,经过一段时间,乡村教师短缺的问题就会得到较大缓解。谢谢。

以下是新加坡《海峡时报》(The Straight Times) 关于以上内容的报道:


Beijing to boost spending

 on education in rural areas

PUBLISHED
MAR 13, 2017, 5:00 AM SGT
Lim Yan Liang China Correspondent In Beijing

China has pledged to keep up heavy spending on education reform in order to close its urban-rural education gap.

Among the priorities are hiring and retaining teachers in the nation's poorer parts, and improving the quality of instruction, said Education Minister Chen Baosheng.

Student achievement in China's rural areas has traditionally lagged behind that of their urban counterparts, in part because low salaries and barebones schools have made it difficult to attract teachers.关于“让乡村教师下得去留得住教得好”的一些联想关于“让乡村教师下得去留得住教得好”的一些联想

Over half of rural students drop out of school after they finish nine years of compulsory education, either because they fail the test to enter senior middle school or to get a job to support their families.

To solve the teacher supply problem, China will expand a village teacher support programme, Mr Chen told reporters on the sidelines of China's annual legislative session yesterday.

Under the programme launched in 2015, provincial governments provide additional funding to boost rural teachers' wages by between 300 yuan (S$61.53) and 1,500 yuan per month. It has also been used to build some 400,000 dorms to give rural teachers better living conditions and to fund workplace training, Mr Chen added, noting that the government has spent 5.3 billion yuan to date.

"Today we have three million rural teachers, and they are the backbone of our basic education, especially for our rural children," he said. "This plan to support them means that rural education has risen to become a national priority."

Improving access to and attainment in education is a key step to realising China's goal of becoming a xiao kang or moderately prosperous society free of extreme poverty by 2020.

More will also be done to address the high dropout rate in rural areas, said Mr Chen.

Under its current Five-Year Plan for education, China wants to ensure that all junior secondary school graduates in poor regions who do not enter senior secondary education are funnelled into vocational schooling.

Beijing has boosted government funding of senior secondary schools in poor areas to raise the number of students who go on to college. Currently, less than one in five studying at China's top universities is from rural areas.

The "Made in China 2025" initiative announced in 2015, that will see China speedily ramp up domestic manufacturing capabilities, means there is a need for more tradesmen and artisans, said Mr Chen.

To this end, the government has started a programme to help at least one person in each poor family to master a skill, and will promote closer cooperation between vocational schools and enterprises.

"In sum, we need to develop a good education system, and a vocational education is one important part.

"We need to cultivate Einsteins, but we also need to cultivate Edisons and Lu Bans," he said. Lu Ban was an ancient Chinese carpenter who was also an engineer and inventor.

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