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留学生需注意:加拿大大麻合法化和跨越边界的声明(翻译及官方原文)

(2019-01-02 23:48:43)
分类: 美国留学
留学生需注意:加拿大大麻合法化和跨越边界的声明(翻译及官方原文)
睿智汇博提醒您:为了家人和自己的健康,远离毒品

译文(睿智汇博翻译):
美国海关和边境保护局执行美国法律,美国法律在加拿大大麻合法化后不会改变。希望进入美国的国际旅行者的要求受美国联邦法律的管辖和执行,该法律取代州法律。虽然医疗和休闲大麻在一些美国和加拿大可能是合法的,但根据美国联邦法,大麻的销售,拥有,生产和分销或上述便利仍然是非法的。因此,违反此法律越过边境或抵达美国入境口岸可能导致拒绝入境,扣押,罚款和逮捕。

美国海关和边境保护局的官员接受了关于可受理因素和“移民和国籍法”的全面培训,该法广泛规定了旅行者进入美国的可接受性。CBP官员根据当时官员已知的事实和情况,确定可否受理以及是否适当采取任何监管或刑事执法。

一般而言,任何被确定为吸毒者或吸毒成瘾者或被判有罪的外国外国人,承认已经犯下或承认犯下构成违反(或企图或共谋违反)任何行为的基本要素的行为。一国,美国或与受控物质有关的外国的法律或法规不允许进入美国。

加拿大公民在加拿大工作或促进合法大麻产业的扩散,出于与大麻行业无关的原因来到美国,一般可以接受美国,但是如果发现旅行者是因为某个原因来到美国与大麻产业有关的,可能被视为不可接受。

CBP官员是国家防止非法进口麻醉品(包括大麻)的第一道防线。美国联邦法律禁止进口大麻,CBP官员将继续执行该法律。 

美国海关与边境保护局是国土安全部内的统一边境机构,负责管理,控制和保护我国在官方入境口岸和境内的边界。美国海关和边境保护局负责将恐怖分子和恐怖分子武器排除在国外,同时执行数百项美国法律。

原文:

U.S. Customs and Border Protection enforces the laws of the United States and U.S. laws will not change following Canada’s legalization of marijuana. Requirements for international travelers wishing to enter the United States are governed by and conducted in accordance with U.S. Federal Law, which supersedes state laws. Although medical and recreational marijuana may be legal in some U.S. States and Canada, the sale, possession, production and distribution of marijuana or the facilitation of the aforementioned remain illegal under U.S. Federal Law. Consequently, crossing the border or arriving at a U.S. port of entry in violation of this law may result in denied admission, seizure, fines, and apprehension.

CBP officers are thoroughly trained on admissibility factors and the Immigration and Nationality Act, which broadly governs the admissibility of travelers into the United States.  Determinations about admissibility and whether any regulatory or criminal enforcement is appropriate are made by a CBP officer based on the facts and circumstances known to the officer at the time.

Generally, any arriving alien who is determined to be a drug abuser or addict, or who is convicted of, admits having committed, or admits committing, acts which constitute the essential elements of a violation of (or an attempt or conspiracy to violate) any law or regulation of a State, the United States, or a foreign country relating to a controlled substance, is inadmissible to the United States.

A Canadian citizen working in or facilitating the proliferation of the legal marijuana industry in Canada, coming to the U.S. for reasons unrelated to the marijuana industry will generally be admissible to the U.S. however, if a traveler is found to be coming to the U.S. for reason related to the marijuana industry, they may be deemed inadmissible.

CBP officers are the nation’s first line of defense in preventing the illegal importation of narcotics, including marijuana. U.S. federal law prohibits the importation of marijuana and CBP officers will continue to enforce that law. 

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is the unified border agency within the Department of Homeland Security charged with the management, control and protection of our nation's borders at and between the official ports of entry. CBP is charged with keeping terrorists and terrorist weapons out of the country while enforcing hundreds of U.S. laws.

摘自《美国国土安全部官方网站》
原文地址:https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/speeches-and-statements/cbp-statement-canadas-legalization-marijuana-and-crossing-border

翻譯/編輯:Lonfly

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