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(2010-02-18 22:12:17)


分类: 中石油职称英语考试
Listening Faults(聆听的误区)
  1. Have you ever thought of listening as something you could do right or wrong? Few people had, until recently. Now it is being proved that most of us aren't letting our ears do all they should to help us. And we are losing out in ways both large and small, which is too bad when we realize that good listening can be very valuable indeed. In fact it is surprising just how big a part our two listening ears play in our success in school, in our careers, in our relations with family and friends.
  think of=考虑;listening=聆听; as=如;right or wrong=对或错; Few people=几乎没有人; until recently=至今,recently 近来;prove=证明; most of us=(我们)大多数人;ear=耳;lose out =输掉; both large and small=大或小; too bad =糟糕;realize=认识到; good listening=有效聆听; valuable=值钱的;indeed=确实;In fact=事实;surprise=惊讶;big=重要; part=角色; listening=聆听; play=扮演;success=成功; career=career职业; relation=关系;
2. Therefore, how we listen is extremely important. Yet it has been proved that most of us are guilty of from one to nine bad listening habits.
 Therefore=因此; extremely=极其;important=重要;Yet=然而; prove=证明; guilty=问心有愧;from one to nine=从一到九;bad=坏的; listening=聆听; habit=习惯;
3. Few of us want to be poor listeners or even realize that we are—until we meet up with situations which show us.
 Few of us =我们当中几乎没有人; poor listener=不会听话的人; realize=认识到; until =到...为止; meet up with =偶遇;situation=情况; show=显示;
4. Take Janet, for instance.
for instance=例如;
  5. It came as a horrid shock to her to learn on the way to Sunday school one morning that she was to have read certain chapters in the Bible and be prepared with a little talk on them that day. And no wonder Janet was surprised. She thought she had been listening in class the week before. But apparently the words had bounced right off her ears. Why? How had she listened wrong?
a horrid shock=可怕的震惊, horrid可怕的,shock震惊; to her=对于她;learn =意识到;on the way to Sunday school=在去教会的周日学校的路上;one morning =一天早晨; to have read(读)=不定式to read的完成式;  certain=某; chapter=(书籍)章;Bible=基督教《圣经》;(to) be prepared(准备)=不定式to prepared被动语态,to被省略。a little talk=小的发言; on them=关于他们(那些章节); that day=那天; no wonder =不足为奇的;Janet=简尼特; surprise=惊奇; think=认为; listening=聆听; in class the week before=一个星期前在课堂上; apparently=显然地; word=话;bounced right off her ears=从她耳边掠过,bounced跳跃; right off立刻; listen=听;wrong=错;

那个人在 北京市 一所学校的 大楼的 二层的 教室里。
因此英文翻译“那个人在 北京市 一所学校的 大楼的 二层的 教室里。”就是如下:
The man    is  in the   classroom on the second floor   in the building  in the school   in BEIJING .

英文:事实上,它实在令人惊讶 重要之角色 两只耳朵扮演的 在我们的成功 学习上。
In fact it is surprising  just how big a part our two listening ears play in our success in school


6. There are about nine ways of listening that net us nothing but trouble, according to Dr. Ralph Nichols of the University of Minnesota. If we recognize and try to conquer them, we can step up our listening ability by about twenty-five percent and thereby greatly increase our chances for success in our daily lives.
  6、明尼苏达州立大学的Ralph Nichols博士认为,有9种聆听的情形给人们造成麻烦。如果认识到并且努力克服它们,我们的聆听能力就能提高25%,从而大大增加我们在日常生活中成功的机会。
nine ways of listening=有9种聆听的情形; that net us nothing but trouble=使我们得到的除了麻烦没有别的, net得到,nothing 什么也没有,but=除了;according to=按照; Dr. Ralph Nichols=Ralph Nichols博士; the University of Minnesota=明尼苏达州大学; recognize=认识到;try to=设法; conquer=征服; step up=逐步提高;listening=聆听; ability=能力; by about twenty-five percent=大约25%;thereby=从而; greatly increase=大大增加;our chances for success=我们成功的机会;daily lives=日常生活.
7. Unless you are very unusual indeed, says Dr. Nichols, you must plead guilty to several of the following bad listening habits:
Unless=除非;unusual=与众不同的; indeed=确实; Dr. Nichols=RalphNichols博士; plead guilty =服罪,plead主张,guilty问心有愧; several of the following =下面几个;bad listening habits=聆听的坏习惯:
8. Daydream Listening: You can think about four times as fast as the average person speaks. So you have quite a bit of spare thinking time while waiting for the words to come in. Unconsciously, you use this time, if you are a poor listener, to let your thoughts drift elsewhere.
  Daydream Listening=白日梦式聆听,Daydream白日梦; think about=思考; four times as fast as the average person speaks=比人平均的说话速度快4倍,four times 4倍,average 平均的; So =因此;have=有;quite a bit=相当多; spare thinking time=思维时间; while=当...; wait for=等待; word=话; come in=进来,这里指你听到的声音进耳朵了. Unconsciously=.不知不觉地;you use this time=你使用这段时间;if you are a poor listener=如果你是一个差劲的听众;thought=思考; drift=漂流; elsewhere=在别处;
9. For instance, your teacher is giving you some background material on American history. Your mind is with him at first. Then other thoughts drift into that spare thinking space. Without warning, they have taken over your mind entirely.. I mustn't forget to go downtown after school for Mother. If only my bike was fixed! Maybe I can get Joe to come over Saturday and help me.. Your thoughts drift on. Suddenly, with a jolt, you hear these words: "Now we'll have a little test on what I have been explaining." Ouch!
 For instance=例如; background=背景; material=材料; on American history=关于美国历史;mind=头脑;with=随;at first=起初; other thoughts=其他的念头,thought思考; drift into=飘进,drift漂流;that spare thinking space=那段空余的思维时间; Without warning=没有预兆,warning预兆; they have take over=接管; mind entirely=整个大脑…entire整个的; forget =忘记; go downtown=到市区,downtown 城市的商业区(的);after school=放学后; Mother=母亲; If only =只要; fix=修理; Maybe =大概; get =让;Joe=乔; to come over=过来; Saturday =星期六; help me=帮我; Your thoughts=你的思绪,thought思考; drift=漂流;; Suddenly=突然地; with =随着;a jolt=一个震惊; hear =听; word=话;a little test=小试验; on=关于; I have been explaining=我刚才讲的,explain解释; Ouch=哎哟
10. So what to do to keep daydreams from filtering in? One way is to put that extra thinking time to work—on the subject. Sum up what the speaker is saying; look for major points. Pretend you are going to have to repeat his ideas. Put his words into your words. It isn't easy. It takes effort and time to learn. But the results are sure to surprise and please you.
So what to do=那么,怎样做; keep from=阻止; daydream=白日梦; filter=过滤; One way =一个方法; extra=额外的; thinking time=思维时间; on the subject=有关主题. Sum up=概括;speaker =发言人; look for=寻找; major=主要的; point=要点; Pretend=假装; be going to=要; repeat=重说;idea=观点;Put his words into your words=把他的话翻译自己的话,put into 把...翻译成; It isn't easy=这不容易;take =拿; effort=努力; time=时间; to learn=为了学习. Result=结果; sure=肯定; surprise=惊奇;please=满足的
It takes effort and time to learn付出时间和精力去学习,to learn是learn的不定式,不定式=to+动词原形,一般说来不定式和不定式短语用作表示某种目的。
11. Shut-Ear Listening: Maybe you feel you already know what the speaker is going to say. Or his subject couldn't interest you less. You turn off your ears—and who knows what you may be missing or when a little knowledge on that subject may come in mighty handy? Anyway, why take the risk?
  11. Shut-Ear Listening=充耳不闻式聆听,shut关闭; Maybe=大概; you feel you already know what the speaker is going to say=可能你觉得早已经知道发言者将要说什么,be going to要; his subject=他的主题 ; interest=使发生兴趣;less=很少;turn off=关掉; who knows what you may be missing =谁知道你可能错过了什么; a little knowledge on that subject=关于那个主题的一点点知识,knowledge知识;  mighty=巨大的;handy=方便的; Anyway=不管怎样; risk=风险;
12. "That's-What-You-Think" Listening: You have your own pet ideas on certain subjects. You don't like to hear anything which might make you question them. So when anyone begins arguing on the other side, you simply stop listening. Instead you plan what you are going to answer. Anyone who refuses too often to listen to the other side of a question risks becoming narrow-minded—an exasperating and unattractive trait in the other fellow. Is it any more becoming to you? No thanks, you say, and decide to hear the other fellow out. Maybe he is right. Maybe you are. But you can give him a better argument on your viewpoint if you hear what he says.
  12. "That's-What-You-Think" Listening=内心排斥式聆听; your own pet ideas=自己的好观点,pet宠爱的; on certain subjects=关于某些主题,certain某; question=怀疑; argue on=辩论; other side=对方,side方面, simply=简单地; stop listening=停止聆听; Instead=代替; answer=答案; refuse=拒绝; listen to=听; the other side of a question=对方意见,question提议; risk=风险; narrow-minded=气量小的;exasperating=激怒的人;unattractive=讨厌的; trait=特征; other fellow=别人,fellow 同伴; Is it any more becoming to you? =你现在还想成为这样的人吗,any more 还;No thanks=不, 谢谢; decide =决定; hear out=听完;other fellow=别人,fellow 同伴; Maybe he is right. Maybe you are.=可能他是正确的,也可能你是正确的。a better argument=有力的反驳;argument 辩论;viewpoint=观点;if you hear what he says=如果你听了他说的.
13. Fake Listening: You pretend to be giving close attention. You toss in a few nods and yeses at the right moments, you hope. This is a common faulty listening habit that fools no one. Your eyes give you away, if your absent-minded answers don't. And can you think of anything more infuriating than to be given the same treatment? Also, it is extremely difficult to respond satisfactorily to words you didn't hear. Good conversations, if not friendships, have been sacrificed to this habit.
   Fake[v.假装,伪装] Listening=佯装式聆听,fake假装; pretend=假装; close attention=密切注意,attention 注意; toss=扔; a few nods=几次点头,nod点头;  yeses=是(复数); at the right moments=恰当的时刻,moment片刻; a common faulty listening=常见的错误的聆听; habit=习惯; fool=愚弄; no one=没人; Your eyes give you away=你的眼睛出卖你, give away出卖; if your absent-minded=心不在焉的; answer=答案; think of=考虑; anything=任何事; more than=更... infuriating=令人发怒的; the same treatment=这样的对待,treatment 对待; extremely=极其; difficult=困难;respond=回应; satisfactorily=令人满意的; to=对于; words you didn't hear=自己没听的话,word话; Good conversations=好的交流,conversation谈话; if not =不然的话;friendship=友谊; sacrifice=牺牲; habit=习惯;
14. Over-My-Head Listening: You are convinced that the subject is beyond you, so you depart, at least in spirit. You may be right. And then again you may be wrong. If you let the words enter your mind, you may be surprised to discover that they make sense. But even if they are as strange as Greek to you, you should try to listen and understand. Otherwise you may find some day that you must attempt to grasp an over-your-head idea and be totally unable even to try.
  14. Over-My-Head Listening=不知所云式聆听,Over-My-Head使我不能理解; convince=使确信; subject=主题; beyond=超过; so =因此;you depart=离开; at least=至少;in spirit=在精神上,spirit精神; You may be right=你可能做的对;And then=然后; again =再次;you may be wrong=你可能是错的; word=话; enter=进入;your mind=你的大脑; surprise=惊奇; discover=发现; make sense=有意义,sense 感觉; even if=即使; as ...as=同...一样;strange =生疏的; Greek =希腊语; try to =设法;listen=听; understand=理解;Otherwise=要不然; attempt=试图;grasp=领会;Over-your-Head=使你不能理解; idea =思想; totally=完全; unable=不能的; even to try=甚至去试试.
15. Memory Test Listening: Some people think that trying to memorize a series of facts is good listening. They are wrong. For instance, you are getting a story for your school paper on an assembly speaker. He makes a series of points. You try to memorize them. But while you are busy planting facts A, B, and C in your mind, repeating them over and over, you are losing out on facts D and E. Better to look for main ideas. You will find them more useful and easier to recall later.
  Memory Test Listening=记忆测试式聆听,Memory记忆; Some people=有人; think=认为; try to=设法; memorize=记住;a series of=一系列; fact=论据;listening=聆听; They are wrong=他们错了; For instance=例如;you are get=取得; story =素材; school=学习; paper =论文; assembly=集会; speaker=演讲人;a series of=一系列;point=要点; try to=设法; memorize=记住; busy=忙; plant=种植,这里指记录;fact=论据; mind=大脑, repeat=重做; over and over=再三; lose out on =[美口]输去;fact=论据; Better=较好; look for main ideas=抓住要点,look for 寻找,main主要; more useful=更有用; easier =较容易;recall=回忆;later=稍后.
16. Take-It-All-Down Listening: When you try to get too many of the speaker's words on paper, part of your mind must be concerned with your note-taking. You are unable to concentrate fully on what he is saying. You risk losing valuable points. Where note-taking is necessary—and you may be surprised to find out how often it isn't if you concentrate fully on listening—try to jot down only a memory-jogging word or two. Or put the main ideas on paper after the speaker has finished. The more complete attention you give the speaker, the easier it will be to recall his ideas later.
Take-It-All-Down Listening=全部记录式聆听; try to=设法; get too =奋力取得;many of the speaker's words =说话人的尽可能多的话;paper=纸; part of your mind=你的一部分头脑, concern with =使关心;your note=你的“笔记”;re unable to= 不能的; concentrate on=专心致志于;fully=完全地; what he is saying=他在说什么;risk=风险;lose =错过;valuable=值钱的; point=要点; Where note-taking is necessary=什么地方需要做笔记,necessary 需要; surprise=惊奇;find out=找出; how often it isn't=它不是要经常做,it代表笔记; concentrate on=专心致志于;fully=完全地; listening=聆听;try to=设法; jot down=草草记下,jot记简短的笔记; only=只不过; a memory-jogging word or two=不时记下一两点,jog慢跑; put on=把...放在上; main ideas=主要的观念,main主要; after the speaker has finished=演讲人结束后,finish完成; The more....the easier=越...越容易...; complete=完全的; attention=注意; speaker=演讲者; recall=回忆; his ideas=他的观点; later=以后.
17. Personality Listening: You become so concerned with the way the speaker looks or how he talks that what he says fails to penetrate. Perhaps unconsciously you decide that a person who dresses or speaks like that can't have much to say. That could be a very false conclusion. Who knows what you may be missing? It's the old story: you can't judge a gift by the package. Better to judge him after you have heard him out.
 Personality Listening=关注个人式聆听,Personality人物; so...that=如此...以致...;concern with =使关心; way =方式;the speaker looks=讲话者的长相,look面容; how he talks=他说话的方式; fails to =未能;penetrate看透;. Perhaps=也许; unconsciously=不知不觉地; decide=判断;  person who dresses or speaks like =象这样穿着或这样讲话的人,person 人,dress=穿衣; a very false conclusion=非常错误的结论,false不正确的;conclusion结论; Who knows what you may be missing?=谁能知道你会错过什么? Miss错过;It's the old story=俗话说;judge=判断; a gift=礼物; by the package=由包装,package 包装; Better to judge=最好判断; after you have heard him out=你倾听他完之后,hear out=听完.
18. Half-An-Ear Listening: Often other sounds compete for your attention—and win. Your father gives you a list of errands. But his voice must compete with, say, your favorite song on the radio. Later, you find that half an ear wasn't enough. You didn't listen to your father's words closely enough to hear and remember them. You have to telephone home for a repeat performance. And you can't really blame your father for being irritated. Better to turn off the radio, shut the door on competing noises, if possible. If not, guard against your tendency to listen to distracting sounds.
18. Half-An-Ear Listening=半个耳朵式聆听; Often other sounds=常常其他的声音; compete for=为...竞争,这里指吸引你,compete比赛; your attention=你的注意力; win=赢. a list of=一列, list明细表; errand=差使(如送信,买东西等); voice=说话声;compete=比赛; your favorite=你最喜欢,favorite=特别喜欢的;song on the radio=收音机里的歌声,radio收音机; Later=稍后; you find that half an ear wasn't enough=你发现 “半个耳朵听”根本不行,enough足够; You didn't listen to your father's word=你没有听到父亲的话; closely enough to hear and remember them=接近听够并记住的话. You have to telephone home for a repeat performance=你只能打电话回家再次询问,have to不得不,telephone打电话,repeat重复,performance 履行; really=真的; blame=责怪; being irritated=恼怒的,irritating的被动语态; Better to turn off the radio=最好关掉收音机; shut=关上; door=门;compete=比赛;noises=噪音,if possible=如果可能的话;If not=不然的话, guard against =提防,guard 守卫;tendency=趋势; listen to=听; distract=转移(注意力); sound=声音;
19. So there are the forces—some within ourselves, some outside—that work against us in our efforts to listen. But once we learn what they are and how to fight them, we are well on our way to getting rid of wasteful listening habits.
So=所以;force=力量,这里指因素;some within=内在的,within 在......里面;ourselves=ourselves; some outside=外在的,outside 在..之外;
work against=反作用,against阻止;effort=努力; listen=听;But=但是; once=一旦; learn=了解; what they are =他们是什么; how to fight them=怎样克服他们; well=很好; on=依附于;our way =我们的办法; get=使;rid=摆脱;of =具有;wasteful=浪费的; listening=聆听; habit习惯;


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