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(2010-02-18 22:05:59)


分类: 中石油职称英语考试
How (书上错印成why)To Mark a Book(怎样在书上做标记)
  1. You know you have to read "between the lines" to get the most out of anything. I want to persuade you to do something equally important in the course of your reading. I want to persuade you to "write between the lines." Unless you do, you are not likely to do the most efficient kind of reading.
have to=不得不; between the lines=言外之意,line=线;get the most out of=发挥...最大功效; want to=[口]应该; persuade=说服; equally=相等地;in the course of=在...期间;write between the lines=在字里行间里写字; Unless=除非, be likely to=可能; the most efficient kind of reading=最有效的那种阅读,efficient有效率的,kind 种类.
How To Mark a Book :带疑问词的不定式短语;
  2. I contend, quite bluntly, that marking up a book is not an act of mutilation but love.
 contend=主张; quite bluntly=相当坦率地,quite相当,bluntly坦率地marking up=把...标出,marking作记号于; act=行动;mutilation=毁损;
  3. You shouldn't mark up a book which isn't yours. Librarians (or your friends) who lend you books expect you to keep them clean, and you should. If you decide that I am right about the usefulness of marking books, you will have to buy them. Most of the world's great books are available today, in reprint editions, for a modest sum.
 3. You shouldn'tmarking up=把...标出,marking作记号于; Librarian=图书馆管理员; lend=借给; expect=盼望; should=应该; decide =决定;=usefulness=有益处; marking=作记号于; have to=不得不; Most of the world's great books=绝大部分世界上的好书; available=可获得的;reprint=再版;edition=版本; modest=适度的; sum=金额;
4. There are two ways in which you can own a book. The first is the property right you establish by paying for it, just as you pay for clothes, and furniture. But this act of purchase is only the prelude to possession. Full ownership comes only when you have made it a part of yourself, and the best way to make yourself a part of it is by writing in it. An illustration may make the point clear. You buy a beefsteak and transfer it from the butcher's icebox to your own. But you do not own the beefsteak in the most important sense until you consume it and get it into your bloodstream. I am arguing that books, too, must be absorbed in your bloodstream to do you any good.
way=方式; own=拥有; the property right=财产所有权,property 财产,right权; establish=建立; pay for=偿还,这里指为了…付了钱; just as =正如; clothes=衣服;furniture=(总称)家具; act=行为;purchase=购买; prelude=前提; possession=拥有; Full=完整; ownership=所有权; a part of=一部分; write in=把...写入;illustration=例证; make=使;point=点; beefsteak=牛排; transfer from=转移…; butcher=屠夫; icebox=冰箱; own=拥有; beefsteak=牛排; the most important sense=最重要的意义,sense 意义; until=直到…; consume=消费; get … into… =进入;bloodstream=血液; argue=说服; absorb=吸收;
  5. Confusion about what it means to own a book leads people to a false reverence for paper, binding, and type—a respect for the physical thing—the craft of the printer rather than the genius of the author. They forget that it is possible for a man to acquire that idea, to possess the beauty, which a great book contains, without staking his claim by pasting his bookplate inside the cover. Having a fine library doesn't prove that its owner has a mind enriched by books; it proves nothing more than that he, his father, or his wife, was rich enough to buy them.
Confusion=混乱; mean=意味;lead to=导致;false=不正确的; reverence=崇敬; binding=装订;type=样式; respect=尊敬; physical thing=物质的事物,physical物质的; craft=工艺; printer=印刷工; rather than=胜于; genius=天才; author=作家; forget=忘了 ; possible=可能; acquire=获得; idea=思想; possess=拥有; beauty=美丽; which a great book contain=包含; stake=桩; claim=声称; paste=粘贴; bookplate=藏书标签; inside=内部; cover=封面; library =图书馆; prove=证明; mind=大脑; enrich=富有; nothing more than=只不过;

  6. There are three kinds of book owners. The first has all the standard sets and best-sellers—unread, untouched. (This deluded individual owns woodpulp and ink, not books.) The second has a great many books—a few of them read through, most Of them dipped into, but all of them as clean and shiny as the day they were bought. (This person would probably like to make books his own, but is restrained by a false respect for their physical appearance.) The third has a few books or many every one of them dog-eared(书上印刷时少了连字符) and dilapidated, shaken and loosened by continual use, marked and scribbled in from front to back. (This man owns books.)
 6. There are three kinds of book owners=书籍拥有者可以分为三种,owner物主; the standard sets=标准成套,standard标准的,set一套; best-sellers=<美>畅销书;unread=未被看的; untouched=未碰过的; delude=欺骗; individual=个人;own=拥有; woodpulp=纸浆;ink=油墨;a great many=很多; a few of them read through=几乎没有书读过一遍, a few很少,read through读一遍; dip into=浏览一下, as clean and shiny as=一样整洁光亮,shiny有光泽的,as…as…跟…一样;the day they were bought=买他们那天,bought是buy的过去分词; person=人;probably=很可能; make =使; his own=他自己的,own自己的; restrained=受约束的; false=不正确的; respect=尊敬; physical=物质的; appearance=外观; a few  or many =或多或少;every one=每个; dog-eared=卷角的(书); dilapidated=破旧的;shaken=减少; loosen=松散; continual use=连续使用; mark=作记号于;scribble=潦草地写; from front to back从前到后,这里指全书从扉页至末页.
kind of 和kinds of和a kind of的区别
kind of:A、 相当;有一些:I'm kind of hungry. 我有些饿了;
B、What kind of mooncakes do you like?  你喜欢哪种月饼?
说“一种”事物常用a kind of 作定语,a kind of animal一种动物
“各种各样”用kinds of ,kinds of animals各种动物
7. Is it false respect, you may ask, to preserve intact and unblemished a beautifully printed book, an elegantly bound edition? Of course not. I'd no more scribble all over a first edition of "Paradise Lost" than I'd give my baby a set of crayons and an original Rembrandt! I wouldn't mark up a painting or a statue. Its soul, so to speak, is inseparable from its body. And the beauty of a rare edition or of a richly manufactured volume is like that of a painting or a statue.
False=不正确的; respect=尊敬; preserve=保存; intact=完好无损的; unblemished=无瑕疵的; a beautifully printed book=印刷精美的书; an elegantly bound edition=装帧雅致期刊,elegantly 优雅地,bound 是bind的过去分词装订,edition期刊; Of course not=当然不; no more …than…=不再…如…;scribble=潦草地写; all over=到处;edition=版本; Paradise Lost=《失乐园》,Paradise 天堂; my baby=我的孩子; a set of crayons=一套蜡笔,a set of一套,crayon彩色笔; original=原作; Rembrandt=伦勃朗,荷兰画家; marking up=把...标出,marking作记号于;a painting or a statue=一幅绘画或者一座雕像,painting 绘画,statue雕像; soul=灵魂; so to speak=可以说; inseparable=不能分的;body=身体;beauty=美丽; a rare edition=珍本,rare珍贵的,edition 版本; richly=贵重的; manufacture=加工,这里指装帧; volume=书籍; like that=类似地; a painting or a statue=一幅绘画或者一座雕像,painting 绘画,statue雕像;
  8. But the soul of a book can be separated from its body. A book is more like the score of a piece of music than it is like a painting. No great musician confuses a symphony with the printed sheet of music. Arturo Toscanini revered Brahms, but Toscanini's score of the C-minor Symphony was so thoroughly marked up that no one but the maestro himself could read it. The reason why a great conductor makes notations on his musical scores—marks them up again and again each time he returns to study them—is the reason why you should mark your books. If your respect for magnificent binding or typography gets in the way, buy yourself a cheap edition and pay your respects to the author.
the soul of a book=一本书的灵魂,soul灵魂; be separated from =和...分离开; body=身体; more like…than…=比…更像…;score =乐谱; a piece of =一篇;music=音乐;painting=绘画; great musician=伟大的音乐家,musician 音乐家; confuse …with…=将…和…混淆; symphony=交响乐; the printed sheet of music=一张印刷的乐谱,sheet一张; Arturo Toscanini=阿尔图罗•托斯卡尼尼,意大利指挥家,大提琴演奏家;revere=崇拜; Brahms=博拉姆斯德国作曲家; score of the C-minor Symphony=C小调交响曲的乐谱,score 乐谱,minor 小调,Symphony 交响乐; so …that…=如此…以致;thoroughly=完全地;mark up=把…标出; no one=没有人; maestro=艺术大师; a great conductor=伟大的指挥家; make=使; notation=符号; musical score=音乐的乐谱; mark up=把…标出; again and again=反复地; each time =每次; return to study them=再次研究他们; reason=理由,这里指奥秘; mark=作记号于; respect=尊敬; magnificent=豪华的;binding=装订; typography=印刷; gets in the way=妨碍; a cheap edition=便宜的版本,cheap 便宜; pay…to…=支付…,这里指表达…;respect=尊敬;author=作家
  9. Why is marking up a book indispensable to reading? First, it keeps you awake. (And I don't mean merely conscious; I mean wide awake.) In the second place, reading, if it is active, is thinking, and thinking tends to express itself in words, spoken or written. That marked book is usually the thought-through book. Finally, writing helps you remember the thoughts you had, or the thoughts the author expressed.
mark up=把…标出; indispensable=必不可少的;keep=保持; awake=醒着的; mean=意谓; merely=仅仅;conscious=有知觉的; wide awake =全神贯注,wide =广阔;awake=醒着的;In the second place=第二方面; active=主动的; thinking=思考; tend to=往往; express=表达; word=用言词表达; spoken=口头written=书面; marked book=做过记号的书; thought-through=思考过; Finally=最终; writing=笔迹; remember=记住; thought=思考; express=表达;

  10. If reading is to accomplish anything more than passing time, it must be active. You can't let your eyes glide across the lines of a book and come up with an understanding of what you have read. Now an ordinary piece of light fiction, like, say, Gone 14h'th the Wind, doesn't require the most active kind of reading. The books you read for pleasure can be read in a state of relaxation, and nothing is lost. But a great book, rich in ideas and beauty, a book that raises and tries to answer great fundamental questions, demands the most active reading of which you are capable. You don't absorb the ideas of John Dewey the way you absorb the songs of a popular singer. You have to reach for them. That you cannot do while you're asleep.
reading =阅读; accomplish=达到; more than=不只,passing=消逝;time=时间; active=积极的; glide=滑行; across=越过; the lines of a book=书的字里行间; come up with =提出;understanding=理解; an ordinary[adj.普通的;平常的] piece of light fiction=一部普通的消遣小说,ordinary 普通,piece一篇;light=浅的,fiction小说; like, say=比如说; Gone 14h'th the Wind=小说《飘》的英文名称; require=.需要;the most active kind of reading=最积极的那种阅读,active=积极的; for pleasure=为了取乐; state=状态; relaxation=轻松地; nothing=无 ; lost=失去; rich =富有; idea=思想; beauty=美丽; raise=提出; try to=设法; answer =回答;great fundamental questions=重大的根本性问题, fundamental根本的;demand=要求; the most active reading =最积极的阅读; capable=有能力的; absorb=吸收,这里指领略; idea=思想; John Dewey=约翰. 杜威,美国哲学家; the way=那样; the songs of a popular singer=流行歌手的歌曲,流行; reach for them=伸手拿书,them代表的是书. While=当…;asleep=睡着的.
  11. If, when you've finished reading a book, the pages are filled with your notes, you know you read actively. The most famous active reader of great books I know was President Hutchins, of the University of Chicago. He also had the hardest schedule of business activities of any man I know. He invariably read with a pencil, and sometimes, when he picked up a book and pencil in the evening, he found himself, instead of making intelligent notes, drawing what he called "caviar factories" on the margins. When that happened, he put the book down. He knew he was too tired to read, and was just wasting time.
finish=完成; reading=阅读; page=页; be filled with =充满了note=笔记; actively=积极的;; The most famous=最有名famous=著名; active reader=积极阅读的人; President=校长; Hutchins=哈金斯; University[n.大学] of Chicago=芝加哥大学; the hardest =最勤奋的;schedule=时间表;business=事情; activity=活动; of any man=在所有的人当中 ; invariably=始终如一地; sometimes=有时; pick up=捡起; found=发现; instead of=而不是; intelligent=有智慧的; note=笔记; drawing=画图; caviar=鱼子酱;factory=工厂;margin=页边的空白; happen=发生; put down=放下;  too…to…=太...以至于不能; waste=浪费.

  His best teacher is Mr Green.
  The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.
二、副词的最高级前我露不露脸都行。但在Which do you like best, A, B or C? 这种句式中我是不露面的。如:
   Li Lei studies English (the) most carefully of all.
   Which do you like best, apples, bananas or oranges?
  This is a most / very interesting story.
  I’m busiest these days.
五、在It’s best to do sth这种句式中,我也不会登场。如:
  It’s best to go there by bus.


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