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常见词语搭配(三)

(2009-03-26 15:50:31)
标签:

词语搭配

教育

分类: (00600)高级英语

41. habit

习惯有好有坏,养成容易改掉难,下面让我们来看看habit如何和其他动词搭配:

1) form:形成,养成

e.g. It is the parents’ job to help his children form good habits.

2) acquire/gain/contract/develop:染上

e.g. He acquired the habit of smoking in the high school.

3) have:有

e.g. I have the habit of rising early.

4) indulge in:沉迷于

e.g. Tom has indulged in the habit of reading pornographic since he made friends with Adam.

5) break:去掉

e.g. It is not easy to break suck habits once they become fixed.

 

42. hand

hand这个词也是我们比较熟悉的词,它除了本义“手”之外,还有不少引申义,下面就来讲讲它的搭配:

1) hold:握

e.g. I held Grandpa’s hand as we crossed the road.

2) fold:合上

e.g. Little Tom always folds his hands in prayer before meals.

3) lend a hand:帮助(这就属于hand的引申义)

e.g. Please lend me a hand with my luggage.

4) shake hands:握手(这个“握手”和hold one’s hand可不一样哦)

e.g. When Mary saw her idol Liu Dehua, she rushed to shake hands with him at once.

5) in hand:在……控制中(这里的hand就是引申出的“控制”的意思)

e.g. The project is well in hand.

和hand搭配的形容词:

bare(赤手空拳)

new(无经验的新手)

 

43. head

和hand一样,head这个词也是屡见不鲜的,除了本义,它也有不少引申义,下面就让我们来看看:

1) bow:低头

e.g. The thief bowed his head in shame.

2) bury:埋头

e.g. Don’t bury your head in books even on holidays.

3) scratch:搔

e.g. Students like to scratch their heads when they are in doubt.

4) cram:塞满

e.g. Before the final exams, John crammed his head with facts and figures.

和head搭配的形容词:

clear/level(清晰冷静的头脑)

department(部门主管)

family(一家之主)

 

44.health

health是人人渴望拥有的,正如那句谚语所说:Health is better than wealth。下面给出health的一些搭配:

1) endanger:危害

e.g. Smoking endangers our health.

2) enjoy:享有

e.g. Nothing is more important than enjoying good health.

3) inquire/ask after:问候

e.g. He inquired after my parents’ health.

4) promote:促进

e.g. Laughing promotes health.(呵呵,exercising也是一样的哦!)

5) restore:恢复

e.g. The doctor advised me to restore my health by means of a nice trip.

 

45.heart

呵呵,看来我们今天学习的关于身体部位的词比较多,这已经是第三个了,heart可谓是最重要的器官,所以在引申义上,它的重要性也可见一斑,下面就一起来看看heart的搭配:

1) break:碎

e.g. The news of her marriage broke my heart.

2) captivate:迷住

e.g. The countryside’s beauty captivated my heart.

3) lose heart:灰心

e.g. He lost heart when he learned that he had failed again in the examination.

4) take heart:充满信心

e.g. She takes heart at her job.

5) heart sink:感到沮丧

e.g. Our heart sank after we lost our first match.

和heart搭配的形容词:

cold and unfeeling(冷酷无情的心)

compassionate(同情心)

sweet(爱人)

broken(破碎的心)

46. idea

记得当年在参加演讲比赛时,有一项就是即兴演讲,那时老师们给了topic之后,最重视的就是你的idea,因为对于没有充分准备的即兴演讲来说,大家对语言的驾驭能力都是差不多的,所以要是一分高下的话也是在idea上了。好了,闲话少说,下面就让我们来看看和idea搭配的动词吧:

1) express:表达

e.g. He cannot express his ideas clearly in speaking.

2) advocate:鼓吹、维护

e.g. This organization advocated Hitler’s Nazi ideas.

3) borrow:借用、抄袭

e.g. This idea was borrowed from the West.

4) spread:传播

e.g. Democratic ideas are being spread throughout the world.

和idea搭配的形容词:

Confucian ideas(儒家思想)

dominant(主导思想)

faint(模糊的概念)

conventional(传统思想)

 

47. impression

first impression的重要性大家都不会陌生,除了leave an impression on…(给……留下印象)之外,还有哪些动词可以和impression搭配呢?

1) deepen:(加深)

e.g. He did that to deepen the impression that he was generous.

2) have:有

e.g. I had the impression that you did not like me then.

3) give:给

e.g. This article gives a totally false impression of the U.S..

和impression搭配的形容词:

favourable(良好的)

indelible(难以磨灭的)

vivid(栩栩如生的)

 

48. influence

1) exercise/use:使用

e.g. He promised to use his influence to get me a job.

2) have:具有

e.g. This movie has an adverse influence on teenagers.

3) exert:施加

e.g. As the leader of the Students’ Union, you are expected to exert positive influence on your fellow schoolmates.

4) offset:抵消

e.g. The government should launch more antismoking propaganda to offset the influence of the cigarette advertisements.

和influence搭配的形容词:

favorable(好的)

marked(显著的)

considerable(相当大的)

 

49. interest

interest这个词做名词时,除了“兴趣”之外,还有“利息”、“利益”的意思,这里我们主要看看它做“兴趣”解释时的动词搭配。

1) arouse:激起,引起

e.g. The speaker aroused the interest of his audience by beginning his talk with a joke.

2) cultivate:培养

e.g. It takes time to cultivate one’s interest.

3) express:表示

e.g. He expressed great interest in our plan.

4) promote:促进

e.g. Our team aims to promote students’ interest in learning English.

5) develop:发展

e.g. My interest in music started to develop in the middle school.

 

50. invitation

1) send:发出

e.g. Shall we send the invitation by post or by a messenger?

2) receive:收到

I received the invitation too late, so I did not go to her birthday party.

3) accept:接受(“收到”并不一定“接受”)

e.g. I accepted an invitation to dine with her.

4) decline:婉拒(这种“婉拒”要比生硬的refuse好多了:))

e.g. To my great regret, I must decline your invitation.

和invitation搭配的形容词:

cordial(热诚的)

written(邀请书)

not-to-be-refused(不可拒绝的)

51.job

job这个词很普通,有意思的是,《圣经》里有个人也叫Job,他就是约伯,是希伯来族的族长,在英语里又可以引申为“极有耐心的人”,有这么个短语“as patient as Job”,就是指像约伯一样忍受,耐心非常大。好了,言归正传,让我们一起来看看job的搭配:

1) apply for:申请

e.g. I have applied for twenty jobs, but so far no one company has replied.

2) hunt/find:寻找

e.g. I am hunting a job which pays better than my present one.

3) get:找到

e.g. Last month, he got a job with the CCTV(注意,在……工作要用介词with,而不用at或in)

4) quit:离开,辞掉

e.g. Mary wants to quit her present job and looks for something more interesting.

5) take:接受,从事

e.g. Do you want to take this part-time job?

 

52. joke

据说这个词是来自拉丁语的jocus,源自罗马神国之王Jove,因为他最喜欢开玩笑,所以人们用他的名字作为“玩笑”的代名词。下面就来看看和joke搭配的动词:

1) tell/crack:说,讲

e.g. John cracked many jokes at last night’s party.

2) play:开(玩笑)

e.g. She likes to play jokes on her teacher.

3) see/understand:明白,理解

e.g. Although he didn’t see the joke, he pretended he did and laughed loudly.

4) go too far:过分了

e.g. I am afraid this joke has gone a little too far.

和joke搭配的形容词:

obscene(下流、色情的笑话)

practical(恶作剧)

worn-out(陈旧的)

 

53. knowledge

Knowledge is power是人人都知道的,那么你知道“获得知识”、“扩大知识”还有“传授知识”应该怎么表达吗?下面就让我们一起来看看吧:

1) acquire/obtain/gain:获得

e.g. We can acquire much knowledge from reading extensively.

2) broaden/widen:扩大

e.g. We can broaden our knowledge of the world by practice.

3) impart knowledge to:把知识传授给……

e.g. A teacher’s job is to impart knowledge to his students.

和knowledge搭配的形容词:

practical(实用的)

professional(专业的)

first-hand(第一手的)

superficial(肤浅的)

working(足够应用的)

 

54. law

1) abide by the law:守法

e.g. He is a good man who always abides by the law.

2) break the law:犯法

e.g. No one wanted to employ him because he had once broken the law.

3) enforce the law:执法

e.g. It is the business of the police to enforce the law.

4) maintain law and order:维持治安

e.g. Law and order is difficult to maintain when there is an acute shortage of policemen.

5) pass a law:通过某项法令

e.g. It is still not known when the government will pass a law against broadcasting cigarette advertisements on the radio.

 

55. lesson

1) conduct:授

e.g. Does your math teacher conduct his lessons in English?

2) take:修读

e.g. Jason has been taking lessons on the piano for more than four years.

3) revise:温习

e.g. He revised his lessons until midnight last night.

4) teach:给一个教训

e.g. The failure taught me a lesson: Pride goes before a fall.

56. letter

letter这个单词既可以做“字母”解释,也可以做“信”解释,这里我们主要以后一种为主,来看看它的搭配:

1) post/mail:邮寄

e.g. I posted this letter on my way to school this morning.

2) fold:折

e.g. When she finished writing, she folded the letter and put it into the envelope.

3) tear…open:撕开

e.g. As soon as I handed him the letter from his girlfriend, he tore it open and read it carefully.

4) deliver:交付,递送

e.g. How often are letters delivered here?

和letter搭配的形容词:

anonymous(匿名信)

dead(无法投递的信,也就是我们说的“死信”)

registered(挂号信件)

 

57. life

life这个词也有不止一种意思,既可以指“生命”,也可以指“生活”,这里我们把二者结合起来看。

1) lead/live:过

e.g. Everyone wants to lead a happy life.

2) end:结束

e.g. Socrates was forced to end his life with poison.

3) lay down one’s life for:为……而牺牲

e.g. We are all ready to lay down our lives for our country.

4) devote one’s life to:献身,致力于

e.g. Mother Teresa devotes her life to helping the poor people in India.

5) cost:使失去,损失

e.g. The explosion cost seven lives.

6) sacrifice:牺牲

e.g. The fireman sacrificed his life to save the children from the fire.

7) risk:冒险

e.g. Is it worth risking one’s life for money?

8) spend:度过

e.g. He spent his early life in Macao.

和life搭配的形容词:

care-free(无忧无虑的)

extravagant(奢侈的)

hectic(紧张忙碌的)

simple(简朴的)

single(独身的)

married(婚姻的)

uneventful(平淡的)

eternal(永生)

 

58. light

1) turn/switch on(开)

turn/switch off(关)

e.g. The one who switches on the lights must remember to switch them off before leaving.

2) turn up(拧亮)

turn down(拧暗)

e.g. Would you please turn the lights up? It’s too dark over here.

3) blow out(吹熄)

e.g. Blow out the light before you go to bed.

4) extinguish/put out(熄灭,弄熄)

e.g. Please put out the light. I cannot go to sleep with the lights on.

和light搭配的形容词:

traffic(交通灯)

fluorescent(荧光灯)

neon(霓虹灯)

flash(闪光灯)

 

59. man

由于和man搭配的动词没有多少,下面我们主要来看看和它搭配的形容词:

able-bodied(身体强壮的)

all-round(多才多艺的)

ambitious(雄心勃勃的)

austere(严肃克己的)

average(平凡普通的)

bearded(下巴留有胡子的)

best-hated(最招人恨的)

breezy(轻松喜谈笑的)

brisk(活泼敏捷的)

burly(粗壮魁梧的)

childless(没有儿女的)

cold-blooded(冷血的)

competent(有能力的)

courteous(有礼貌的)

crafty(狡诈的)

disagreeable(脾气坏的,不友善的)

dying(垂死的)

educated(受过教育的)

emotional(易激动的)

enterprising(有进取心的)

erudite(饱学的)

exacting(苛求,严格的)

fastidious(难以取悦的)

feeble-minded(愚笨低能的)

generous(慷慨的)

good-for-nothing(无用的)

good-tempered(好脾气的)

grave-looking(看来严肃的)

grown(成年的)

haggard-faced(面容枯槁的)

handsome(英俊的)

honorable(正直可敬的)

humorous(幽默的)

illiterate(目不识丁的)

impetuous(卤莽冲动的)

impulsive(易冲动的)

innocent(无辜的,天真的)

intelligent(聪明的)

just(正直公平的)

kind-hearted(心肠好的)

light-fingered(手指灵活的)

light-hearted(愉快的)

married(已婚的)

meek-looking(看来温顺的)

miserable(痛苦的)

ordinary(普通的)

optimistic(乐观的)

outspoken(直言不讳的)

pale(脸色苍白的)

pessimistic(悲观的)

primitive(原始的)

remarkable(非凡的)

righteous(正直的)

saucy(无礼的)

self-centered(以自我为中心的)

self-contained(不惯于流露情感的)

self-possessed(沉着镇定的)

sensible(明智的)

sincere(诚恳的)

single(独身的)

sissy(女人气的)

smart(精明的)

sociable(善于交际的)

solemn-faced(面貌严肃的)

straight forward(率直坦诚的)

stubborn(顽固的)

tactful(圆滑老练的)

trustworthy(值得信任的)

well-bred(有教养的)

well-groomed(穿着整洁讲究的)

well-read(博学的)

witty(风趣机智的)

 

60. medicine

1) take:服用

e.g. The doctor told me to take this medicine three times a day after meals.

2) prescribe:开药

e.g. Stop taking the medicine you bought for yourself. Take only that prescribed by the doctor.

3) take effect/work:发生作用

e.g. The medicine has taken effect and I feel much better now.

和medicine搭配的形容词:

bad-tasting(苦药)

purgative(泻药)

efficacious/effective(灵验的)

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