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[转载]八下期末复习语法大全

(2010-09-25 20:37:03)
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原文地址:八下期末复习语法大全作者:春天

Unit 5   If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time.

能力测试

1.用所给词的适当形式填空

(1) Two          (half)make a whole.

(2)Don’t_          _(speak)to otherswhile doing your homework.

(3)Uncle Zhang enjoys_           _(listen)to music.

2.改错

1I’m afraid I’ll give you much too trouble.(     )

(2)The house is enough big for five of us to live in.(     )

(3)There is going to have a basketball match tomorrow.(     )       

1-5练习题  

.单项选择

A) 指出能填入相应空白处的最佳答案。

1He is reading a magazine     the newspaper.

A. instead     B. instead of    C. and        D. but

2The boys were going to fight, and just then Mr Li got there     .

A. at that time   B. on time    C. in time     D. at first

3  You’d better     cool clothes in summer.

A. wear       B. put on      C. take off     D. have

  Lucy was late for school today, and     .

A. so was Lily  B. so Lily was  C. Lily was so  D. was Lily so

5Who kept the door     last night?

A. open       B. opens       C. opened     D. opening

6He’s new here. He has     friends in the school.

A. little       B. a little       C. few        D. a few

7He returned to his home town     a sunny morning.

A. in         B. on          C. to         D. at

8There is only one answer to this problem.     is wrong.

A. Either you or he            B. Either he or you

C. Neither you or he           D. Neither he nor you

9The toilet is     of the road. You can’t miss it.

A. at the head  B. at the end   C. in the end   D. in the middle

  ) 10I’m not well today. So I feel like     .

A. eating anything            B. to eat anything

C. eating nothing             D. to eat nothing

B) 指出不能填入相应空白处的选项。

1You must take the medicine     .

A. on time    B. a lot      C. twice a day     D. three times a day

2If you want to learn English well, you must     .

A. work hard at it          B. use it very often

C. speak it more           D. write your name in English

3The man can     with his left hand.

A. write            B. speak English   

C. draw pictures     D. play table tennis

4     , Rose?” “My watch is broken.”

A. What’s wrong           B. What’s the matter

C. What’s the trouble        D. Whose is the watch?

5I’m so     that you passed the exam.

A. glad      B. happy       C. sorry        D. excited

C) 指出句中划线部分有错误的选项

6His family was watching TV at home when I visited him last night.

                          D

7Wait for me. I have interesting something to tell you.

                          D

8Bring the bread away. I would like to have some

               C

cakes.

  D

9The old man is alone in the house, but he doesn’t feel A                      

alone.

   D

10Go back home on time, or your parents will be

                C

worrying.

              D

.情景交际

A) 根据对话情景,选择正确答案。

1 “The test was very easy, wasn’t it?” “    But I don’t think everyone could pass it.”

A. Yes.         B. No.        C. Well.        D. Of course.

2 “Who’s sick in your class?” “  

A. None.       B. No one.     C. Anybody.     D. Anyone.

3 “Come and take my seat, Granny.” “  

A. OK!   B. Sit down, please.   

C. Which is your seat?   D. Thanks.

4 “Would you like some coke?” “    I’d like some juice. ”

A. Yes, please.      B. No, thanks.  

C. I’m thirsty.       D. Thanks. I’m full.

5    ” “No, you can’t. It can be dangerous.”

A. May I take this seat?         B. May I go there with you?

C. May I smoke here?           D. May I ask you a question?  

A) 指出能替换句中划线部分的选项。

  ) 41My father isn’t at home at the moment.

A. is in         B. is out      C. is at school   D. is at work

  ) 42How about going to the cinema tonight?

A. the concert   B. see a film  

C. see a match   D. play ping pong

  ) 43Don’t leave me by myself.

A. here        B. lonely      C. alone       D. at home

  ) 44There are lots of new books in our school library.

A. some       B. much       C. many       D. more

  ) 45The children enjoyed themselves at Ann’s birthday party.

A. ate a lot of cakes            B. sang many English songs

C. danced happily             D. had a good time

 Unit 7       Would mind turning down the music?

用所给词的适当形式填空.

1.Would you mind _________(not play) basketball here.

2.If it __________(be) sunny tomorrow ,we will go hiking.

3. I bought a new dress, but the store clerk ________(give)me a wrong size.

4. Turn up the radio would you mind改写

Would you mind___________________________?

5. I think the movie is_____ (terribly)

6.It is polite _____  (wait) in line in public places.

7. Could you please __________(not turn )off the TV?

8. The little girl is very ______ and she always talks to others ________(polite).

9. Try _____late for school again .(not be)

10. Jim likes ________football but today he likes _______basketball (play).

Unit 8     Why don’t you get her a scarf?

能力测试

()、翻译下列短语和词组

1.足够的便宜                             

2. 太贵                       

3. 那不足够有趣                       

4.听上去不错                 

5.在我第15 岁生日那天                   

6. ……而不能                   

7. 好主意                      

8. ……怎么样                       

9.  容易照顾                       

10. 取的进步                               

(二)、根据要求改写下列句子,每空一词。

1. The girl is eight years old. (同义句)

   This is             girl.

2. I paid 100 yuan for the holiday book.(同义句)

  The history book               100 yuan.

3. What about giving her a photo album?(同义句)

                      Give her a photo album

4. My sister went shopping she didn`t go to the movies.(合并句子)

      My sister went shopping                   went to the movie.

5. The box is very small the dog can`t sleep in it.(同义句)

The box is         small for the dog                   in.

三、重、难点解析

6. 提建议的句子:

①What/ how about +doing sth.? 

如:What/ How about going shopping?

   ②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping?

   ③Why not + do sth. ?      如:Why not go shopping?      

   ④Let’s + do sth.           如: Let’s go shopping

   ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.?     如:Shall we/ I go shopping.

Unit 9     Have you ever been to a amusement park?

一、词汇聚焦(一)单词拓展

1.travel(现在分词)                  2. last(反义词)            

3. music(形容词)                    4. have not(缩写)       

5.hear( 过去式)                    6.  heavy(副词)         

7.die(形容词)        

二、语法详解

1.Have been (to) have gone (to)

Have been (to)到过某地说话时此人已经不在那里(be not there)或已回来(be back),侧重指经历。

have gone (to)已经去了某地说话时此人可能在路上(be on the way)或已在那里(be there),反正不在这里(be not there)。

2.关于现在完成时

1.现在完成时态表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。本时态标志词:

already 已经,用于肯定句中,放在have /has之后或句尾);

yet 仍然”“,用于疑问句或否定句的句尾)

just刚刚,放在have /has之后);

before以前,放在句尾);

ever曾经,放在have /has之后)

never 从没有,在have /has之后)

例句:

1.Our teacher has just left.                    

2.We have studied English already.

3.I have not finished the homework yet     

4.He has never been to Beijing before.

2.某个动作从过去已经开始,一直持续到现在,还有可能持续到将来.动作的持续性要通过一段时间来表示一段时间的表达方法有两种:

for: +一段时间   for a year     for two weeks   for three years

Since +过去的某一时刻, since nine     since last week

  Since +一般过去时态的时间状语从句 since you came ;  since you got home.

注意:结束性动词不能和表示一段时间的时间状语连用,但是它们可以转换成相应的延续性动词.

1.直接用延续性动词

 buy– havecatch(get) a cold –have a coldborrow—keepbecome—beput on-- wear

2.转换成be+名词

 join the army – be a soldierjoin the Party –be a Party member

go to school– be a student 

3转换成be+形容词或副词

  die—be deadfinish – be overbegin—be onleave—be away fall sleep – be asleep    close – be closed  come to/ go to/arrive at(in)+某地—be in(at) +某地

4.转换成 be+介词短语go to school– be in school get up_ be up

现在完成时态常见标志词

1.                                  already(已经), just(刚刚), never(从未/从没有), ever(曾经), yet(仍然/还), before(以前(句尾时)       

2.                                  since+点时刻或从句   for+段时间; how long(疑问句中用来提问since/for短语的)

3.                                  so fartill nowby now(到目前为止;迄今)

4.                                  recently近来          in the past/last+段时间 在过去的几年中                

5.                                  once(一次)twice, three(four…) times

6.                                  It is the+最高级+n.+ (that) sb.have ever done 

    例:What’s the best gift you have ever received    你曾收到的最好礼物是什么?

现在完成时句型举例:

1.                                  Have you ever been to an amusement park?   你曾经去过游乐园吗?

Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t.

2.                                  I have never been there.

Me neither=Neither have I. 我也没有.

3.                                  Where is he? He has gone to the Beijing.

4.                                  How long has he been in Beijing?          

(不能用come/arrive

5.                                  I’ve never been to an aquarium.           

我从没去过水族馆.

6.                                  I have been a student here for a year.             

我成为这的学生有一年了. (不能用become

  =I became a student here a year ago.

7.                                  He has been dead for two years.(不能用die=he died two years ago.

8.                                  I have been a teacher since ten years ago(for ten years.) (不能用become

9.                                  I have just/ever/already/never seen the movie. Have you ever heard of the man before?

五、能力测试

1)单项选择

  1. she       to Beijing many times, tomorrow she’ll go to Beijing again.

   A.  have been              B.  have gone

   C.  has been               D.  have gone

  2. How about your trip to the water world?

         

     A. We had a great time there    B. We helped ourselves there  

    C. That’s a good idea 

  3. I have never        this place. Where is it?

   A.  listens to         B.  heard of    C.  heard from

 4. I don’t like this movie ,it’s boring.

   Me      , it’s a waste of time.

   A.  too       B.  neither        C.  as well

 (2)句型转换

  1. Lucy has done her homework(改为否定句)

Lucy              her homework.

   2. have they ever been to Hollywood ?(做肯定与否定回答)

     Yes ,they        

     No ,they        

   3. He has studied English for 4 years .(改为一般疑问句)

            he        English for 4 years?

   4. He borrowed the book two weeks ago (改为同义句)

     He has        the book       two weeks..

Unit 10     It’s a nice day, isn’t it? 

二、语法详解 

有关反意疑问句

反意疑问句表示对陈述句所说的事实提出相反的疑问,要求对方用yes

no来进行回答。

1) 构成:由两部分组成:前一部分是陈述句,后一部分是疑问句,它是由be ,have, 助动词或情态动词+主语构成。如果陈述句是肯定结构,反意疑问句须用否定结构;反之,陈述句如果是否定结构,反意疑问句须用肯定结构。反意疑问句的两部分,必须保持人称和时态的一致;反意疑问句的回答有时会和汉语不同。

陈述句部分

附加问句部分

   

肯定陈述句

否定的简短一般问句

当陈述句部分含有动词、(“动词)、情态动词和助动词时,简短问句中沿用该词;否则就使用do/does//did.

否定陈述句

肯定的简短一般问句

如:He is old, isn’t he? (他老了不是吗?)

The man went away, didn’t he? (那个男人走开了不是吗?)

He isn’t old, is he? (他不老是吗?)

 He never went there, did he? (他从没有去过那里是吗?)

2) 反意问句的回答:

无论哪种形式的反意问句,回答时要遵循:“Yes,+肯定式或者“No,+否定式

如:The man went away, didn’t he?(那人走开了,不是吗?)

——Yes, he did.(是的,他走了。)

No, he didn’t.(,他没有走。)

The man never went there, did he?(这人从来不去那里,是吗?)

——Yes, he did.(不是呀,他去的。)

 No, he didn’t.(是呀,他不去。)

五、能力测试

1.填空

1He is really good,______ _______?

(2)  It looks like rain, doesn’t it? _________(肯定回答)

3________I’m going to Today Beach.

 (4)This is great weather ,_____________?

 (5)He forgets his umbrella,____________?

6They didn’t go there yesterday,_____?

2.用所给词的适当形式填空:

1You are ____(Jenny) good friend, aren’t you?

 (2)  It’s really ___(crowd),isn’t it?

 (4)  _Have you ever ___(be ) to Shanghai?

_Yes ,I have.

 (5)  They were all really ___(friend)to me.   

 (6)  I enjoy ____(meet)Carlos.

3.改错:

1Which beach are you going?    )

              

 (2) It always rains in the weekends, doesn’t it? (      

                               

 (3) Two people waiting to cross the busy street. (       )

                                 

 (4) Mom ask me cook for my family.      )

                         

 

 

       期末题

 

  一.单项选择

   ) 1. Which is ________, music, math or English ? 

A. more interesting          B. the most interesting

C. very interesting           D. the interestingest

   ) 2. Why not _______ to thank your teacher ?

        A. making cards              B. to make cards    

C. make cards                D. make cards

   ) 3. Mary wants _________ TV tonight .

A. to watch    B. watch   C. watching    D. watches

   ) 4. Gina doesn’t like ________.  

A. reading     B. read     C. reads      D. readed

   ) 5. Yesterday I went to the library . Henry went there _________.

A. either       B. too      C. also       D. only

   ) 6. I heard the child __________.  

A. to cry      B. cried     C. cries      D. crying

   ) 7. She is _____ the job in that company . 

A. interesting                   B. interested in

C. interesting in                 D. interested in

(    ) 8. I have ______ for you .      

A. anything important            B. important anything

C. something important           D. important something

   ) 9. It’s getting dark outside . You’d better _______ out .

A. going        B. not go        C. no go

   ) 10. I am going to get a part-time job and make a lot of money______  myself .

        A. by           B. with          C. of       D. from

   ) 11. When I ________her on the hall , she was playing the piano .

        A. see           B. saw           C. will see   D. am seeing

   ) 12. Mike invited me to his birthday party ______ Friday night.

A. at      B. in      C. /       D. on

   ) 13. Nobody knows when ______ tomorrow .

         A. will they start          B. they will start 

 C. they started            D. they start

   )14. The  teacher said , “ Don’t be late , Mary .”

 --- The teacher told _______

         A. Mary not to be late         B. Mary  to be late 

C. Mary not late              D. not to be late , Mary

   ) 15. Could you tell  me _________?

         A. what your mother do   B. what does your mother do 

 C. what your mother does

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