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刘毅词汇系列22000--Unit 01(Group 16-20)

(2010-06-24 16:12:50)
标签:

刘毅

词汇系列

22000

unit

1

(group

16-20)

杂谈

分类: 刘毅词汇系列22000

Group 16 有关 residence“居住”的词汇
【DENIZEN】On their safari, the hunters stalked lions, tigers, and other ferocious denizens of the jungle.
在狩猎队里,猎人们偷偷地潜近狮子、老虎及丛林里其他凶猛的栖息者。
重点词汇:
denizen n. 居民;栖息者
【DOMICILE】The announcement read: "The Coopers have moved and invite you to visit them at their new domicile, 22 Apple Street."
那告示上写着:“库珀一家人已搬走,邀请你至新居做客,苹果街22号。”
重点词汇:
domicile n. 住所;家
【INMATE】When the warden took charge, the prison had fewer than 100 inmates.
这个狱卒接任时,监牢里的犯人不足100人。
重点词汇:
inmate n. 入狱者;住院者
【NATIVE】The entire Russo family are natives of New Jersey except the grandparents, who were born in Italy.
拉索家的全体成员,除祖父母生于意大利外,都生于新泽西。
重点词汇:
native 1. n. 生于(某地)的人
【NATIVE】Tobacco, potatoes, and tomatoes are native American plants that were introduced into Europe by explorers returning from the New World.
烟草、马铃薯及番茄都是从新大陆归来的探险者带到欧洲去的土生美洲植物。
重点词汇:
native 2. adj. 土生的
【NOMAD】Nomads have no fixed homes but move from region to region to secure their food supply.
游牧民族居于定所,只得从一个地区迁移至另一个地区,以确保他们食物的供给。
nomad n. 游牧民族
【SOJOURN】On her trip home, Jane will stop in St. Louis for a two day sojourn with relatives.
在回家的路上,简会在圣路易斯的亲戚家住两天。
重点词汇:
sojourn vi. 寄居;逗留
【COMMUTE】Hundreds of thousands of suburban residents regularly commute to the city.
数十万郊区居民定期往返于城市与郊区之间。
重点词汇:
commute vi. 经常乘车(或船等)往返于两地
【MIGRATE】Because they were persecuted in England, the Puritans migrated to Holland.
因为清教徒在英国遭受迫害,他们便移居荷兰。
重点词汇:
migrate vi. 1. 移居
【MIGRATE】In winter, many European birds migrate to the British Isles in search of a more temperate climate.
欧洲的许多鸟类在冬天迁徙到不列颠群岛,寻找更温和的气候。
重点词汇:
migrate vi. 2. 随季节变化而迁移
【NOMADIC】Most of the Indians of the North American plains are nomadic.
北美平原上的印第安人大多居无定所。
重点词汇:
nomadic adj. 流浪的;游牧的
【ABROAD】After living abroad or a time, Robert became homesick for his native land.
在国外住了一段时间后,罗伯特开始想念故土。
重点词汇:
abroad adj. 在(到)国外
Group 17 有关 disobedience“违抗”的词汇
【DEFIANCE】The union showed defiance of the court order against a strike by calling the workers off their jobs.
工会叫工人停工,以示对法庭禁止罢工命令的违抗。
重点词汇:
defiance n. 违抗
【INFRACTION】Parking at the bus stop is illegal. Motorists committing this infraction are heavily fined.
在公共汽车站停车是违法的,违章的驾驶员将被处以巨额罚款。
重点词汇:
infraction n. 违反
【INSURGENT】When the revolt broke out, the government ordered its troops to arrest the insurgents.
叛变发生时,政府下令军队逮捕暴民。
重点词汇:
insurgent n. 叛选;暴民
【INSURRECTION】The insurrection was easily suppressed, less than a dozen being slain on both sides.
那次叛乱很快被平定了,双方的死亡人数还不到12人。
重点词汇:
insurrection n. 叛乱;造反
【MALCONTENT】The work stoppage was caused by a few malcontents who felt they had been ignored when the promotions were made.
罢工是由一些认为自己被忽略了而未被提升的不满者引起的。
重点词汇:
malcontent n. 不满者;反抗者
【SEDITION】The author of the pamphlet advocating the overthrow of the government was arrested for sedition.
那本煽动推翻政府小册子的作者因煽动叛乱被逮捕。
重点词汇:
sedition n. 煽动叛乱的言论或行动
【TRANSGRESS】Jack's previous record showed he had been an obedient student and had never transgressed school regulations.
杰克先前的记录显示,他一直是个顺从的学生,从未违反过校规。
重点词汇:
transgress vt. 违反;逾越
【TRANSGRESS】The owner erected a "Keep OFF" sign to discourage strangers from trespassing on his land.
土地的所有者竖起一块“请勿靠近”的告示,以防止陌生人侵犯他的土地。
重点词汇:
transgress vi. 侵犯
【INSUBORDINATE】Do as mother says. If you are insubordinate, father will probably hear of it.
照妈妈说的去做,如果你不顺从的话,爸爸就可能会知道。
重点词汇:
insubordinate adj. 不顺从的;反抗的
【PERVERSE】Though I had care fully explained the shorter route to him, the perverse youngster came by the longer way.
虽然我仔细地告诉过他较短的路线怎么走,那个任性的年轻人还是走那条较长的路来。
重点词汇:
perverse adj. 任性的;倔强的
【Group 18 有关 obedience“顺从”的词汇
【ALLEGIANCE】Every school day, millions of children "pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands."
每个上学日,数百万儿童宣誓效忠美国国旗和它代表的合众国
重点词汇:
allegiance n. 忠诚
【ACQUIESCE】Though I wasn't enthusiastic about Tom's plan to go fishing, I acquiesced in it because there seemed nothing else to do.
虽然我不怎么热衷于汤姆钓鱼的计划,但我还是同意了,因为似乎没什么别的事可做。
重点词汇:
acquiesce vi. 默许;顺从;同意
【DEFER】Husbands as a rule do not decide on the colors of home furnishings but defer to their wives in these matters.
丈夫一般都不决定家具的颜色,而在这些事上顺从他们的妻子。
重点词汇:
defer vi. 顺从
【DISCIPLINE】Mr. Walker, who had been told that he was getting a disciplined class, was surprised to find it unruly.
别人告诉沃克先生他将会带到一个训练有素的班级,但他很惊奇地发现这个班难以控制。
重点词汇:
discipline vt. 训练
【SUBMIT】Though he boasted he would never be taken alive, the outlaw submitted without a struggle when the police arrived.
虽然他夸口绝不会被活捉,但是警察来的时候,这名歹徒没有反抗就屈服了。
重点词汇:
submit vi. 屈服
【DOCILE】Dan is easy to each, but his brother is not so docile.
丹很容易教,但是他弟弟就不这么听话了。
重点词汇:
docile adj. 听话的;温顺的
【MEEK】Only two of the girls protested when they were ordered off the field. The rest were too meek to complain.
那些女孩被判离场时,只有两个人提出抗议,其余的都太温顺而不会抱怨。
重点词汇:
meek adj. 温顺的
【PLIABLE】We tried to get Joe to change his mind, but he was not pliable. Perhaps you can influence him.
我们试着让乔改变主意,但是他不容易受影响。或许你可以影响他。
重点词汇:
pliable adj. 易曲的;易受影响的
【TRACTABLE】For his cabinet, the dictator wanted tractable men. Therefore, he appointed no one whom he could not control.
这个独裁者想要用容易驾驭的人来组成他的内阁,因此他没有任命任何他无法控制的人。
重点词汇:
tractable adj. 易驾驭的
Group 19 有关 time“时间”的词汇
【DAWDLE】My sister dawdles over the dishes. Mother gets them done without wasting time.
我妹妹洗起盘子来慢吞吞的,妈妈则一点时间也不浪费就能做好。
重点词汇:
dawdle vi. 浪费时间;闲荡
【PROCRASTINATE】Most of the picnickers took cover when rain seemed imminent. The few that procrastinated got drenched.
大部分野餐者在快要下雨之前就躲了起来,少数耽搁者则被淋成了落汤鸡。
重点词汇:
procrastinate vi. 耽搁;拖延
【PROTRACT】We had planned to stay only for lunch but, at our host's insistence, we protracted our visit until after dinner.
我们原本计划只留下来吃午饭,但在主人的坚持下,我们的造访又延长至晚餐后。
重点词汇:
protract vt. 延长
【CHRONIC】Carl's sore arm is not a new development but the return of a chronic ailment.
卡尔手臂的疼痛并非新伤,只是慢性病的复发。
重点词汇:
chronic adj. 1. 慢性的
*【CHRONIC】Rhoda is a chronic complainer. She is always dissatisfied.
罗达的抱怨是习惯性的,她老是不满。
重点词汇:
chronic adj. 2. 习惯性的
【CONCURRENT】When the strike is settled, there will probably be an increase in wages and a concurrent increase in prices.
罢工事件解决后,可能会加薪,同时物价也会上涨。
重点词汇:
concurrent adj. 同时的
【IMMINENT】By the sudden darkening of the skies and the thunder in the distance, we could tell that rain was imminent.
天色突然暗了,再加上远处响起的雷声,我们知道快下雨了。
重点词汇:
imminent adj. 迫近的
【INCIPIENT】Certain serious diseases can be successfully treated if detected in and incipient stage.
某些危险的疾病如果在早期被发现,就可以成功地治疗。
重点词汇:
incipient adj. 开始的;早期的
【INTERMITTENT】There were intervals when the sun broke through the clouds, because the showers were intermittent.
因为阵雨是间歇下的,所以有时阳光可破云而出。
重点词汇:
intermittent adj. 间歇的
【PERENNIAL】Don't think that war has plagued only our times. It has been a perennial curse of man.
别认为战争只折磨我们这一个时代,它已成为人类永久的祸源。
重点词汇:
perennial adj. 1. 永久的
【PERENNIAL】Some grasses last only a year. Others are perennial.
有些草只生长一年,有些则是多年生的。
重点词汇:
perennial adj. 2. 多年生的
【SPORADIC】Though polio has practically been wiped out, there have been sporadic cases of the disease.
虽然小儿麻痹症实际上已彻底消除,但仍有零星的病例发生。
重点词汇:
sporadic adj. 零星的
Group 20 有关 necessity“必要”的词汇
【ESSENCE】The union and management held a lengthy meeting without getting to the essence of the men's dissatisfaction-low wages.
工会与管理层召开漫长的会议,却无法触及工人不满的核心——低薪。
重点词汇:
essence n. 本质;精髓
【PREREQUISITE】A mark of at least 75% in Basic Art is a prerequisite for Advanced Art.
基础艺术得分在75分以上,是续修高等艺术的先决条件。
重点词汇:
prerequisite n. 先决条件
【ENTAIL】Can your family afford the extra expense that a larger apartment entails?
你的家庭负担得起较大公寓所需的额外费用吗?
重点词汇:
entail vt. 需要
【NECESSITATE】Mr. Brown told Ellen that her refusal to work necessitates sending for her parents.
布朗先生告诉埃伦,他必须告诉她父母她拒绝工作的事。
重点词汇:
necessitate vt. 需要
【OBLIGE】If your friend were in trouble, wouldn't you feel obliged to go his help?
如果朋友有困难,你不觉得有义务帮他吗?
重点词汇:
oblige vi. 强迫;使负有义务
【OBVIATE】Helen has agreed to lend me the book I need. This obviates my trip to the library.
海伦同意把我需要的书借给我,这使我不必跑图书馆了。
重点词汇:
obviate vt. 排除;使不必要
【COMPULSORY】State law makes attendance at school compulsory for children of certain ages.
州法律规定,达到一定年龄的小孩都必须上学。
重点词汇:
compulsory adj. 义务的;必须做的
【GRATUITOUS】Were it not for your gratuitous interference, the children would have quickly settled their dispute.
要不是你多余的干涉,孩子们很快就会停止争论的。
重点词汇:
gratuitous adj. 没必要的
【IMPERATIVE】If you have failed a subject you need for graduation, it is imperative that you go to summer school.
如果有一门必修课不及格,你就必须去上暑期学校。
重点词汇:
imperative adj. 必须的;紧急的
【INCUMBENT】Dan felt it incumbent on him to pay for the window, since he had hit the ball that broke it.
丹觉得他有义务赔偿这块玻璃,因为这是他打球时弄破的。
重点词汇:
incumbent adj. 使负有义务的
【INDISPENSABLE】We can do without luxuries and entertainment. However, food, shelter, and clothing are indispensable.
我们可以不要奢侈品及娱乐,但是食物、住所和衣服却是不可缺少的。
重点词汇:
indispensable adj. 不可缺少的
【PRESSING】Before preparing for tomorrow's party, I have some more pressing matters to attend to, such as finishing my report.
在为明天的宴会做准备前,我有更急切的事要办,比如完成报告。
重点词汇:
pressing adj. 急切的
【SUPERFLUOUS】Since we already have enough food for the picnic, please don't bring any because it will only be superfluous.
我们野餐所需的食物已经足够了,请别带任何东西来,因为那只会是多余的。
重点词汇:
superfluous adj. 多余的
THE END

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