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刘毅词汇系列10000--Lesson 8

(2010-06-20 16:30:07)
标签:

刘毅

词汇系列

10000

lesson

8

杂谈

分类: 刘毅词汇系列10000

Part 1
【BLEAK】The weather in early December was bleak and unpleasant.
12月初的天气是寒冷且令人不快的。
重点词汇:
bleak adj. 寒冷的;荒凉的
【CASTIGATE】The electric inspector was castigated for having failed to check the wire as he was supposed to.
电工因没有把他份内的电线检查好而被谴责。
重点词汇:
castigate v. 惩罚;谴责;严厉批评
【ENMITY】We should overcome the worst that the tyrant's enmity can do.
我们应该克服那暴君的仇恨造成的最大程度的破坏。
重点词汇:
enmity n. 敌意;不和
【IMPARTIAL】In any case, parents should be impartial to their every child.
无论如何,父母应该公平对待他们的每一个孩子。
重点词汇:
impartial adj. 公平的
【LUCID】The teacher asked me to give a lucid explanation of my being late for class.
老师要求我解释清楚为什么上课迟到。
重点词汇:
lucid adj. 1. 明白的;清晰的 2. 神志清明的
【LUCID】The old man is confused most of the time but he does have lucid moments.
那老人大部分时间头脑不清醒,但也有清醒的时候。
重点词汇:
lucid adj. 1. 明白的;清晰的 2. 神志清明的
【PERPENDICULAR】A square has four 90-degree angles made by its four perpendicular sides.
正方形的四个直角由它四条垂直的边所构成。
重点词汇:
perpendicular adj. 垂直的
【RETROSPECT】In retrospect, many good opportunities were neglected in my life.
回想起来,我一生中错失了很多良机。
重点词汇:
retrospect n. 反顾;回顾
【SAGACITY】The politician showed a good sagacity in avoiding the mistakes he'd made in the previous campaign.
这回,那位政治家精明的避免了上一次选举中犯过的错误。
重点词汇:
sagacity n. 睿智;聪敏
【URBANE】Urbane speech is educated speech, as distinguished from the speech of the ignorant.
文雅的言语是受过教育的言辞,和无知者的言语大有区别。
重点词汇:
urbane adj. 温文的;文雅的
Part 2
【ARDENT】After reading about the lives of several great Americans, John became an ardent student of American history.
读了几个美国伟人的生平事迹之后,约翰成为了一个热衷于美国历史的学生。
重点词汇:
ardent adj. 极热心的;热情的
【DEROGATORY】I can't bear his derogatory remarks about my brother's character.
我无法忍受他对我弟弟的个性的诽谤。
重点词汇:
derogatory adj. 损毁的;诽谤的
【DISCRETION】I won't tell you what time to leave; you're old enough to use your own discretion.
我不会告诉你什么时候离开;你已到了可以自己进行判断的年龄了。
重点词汇:
discretion n. 1. 谨慎;明辨
【DISCRETION】The house of the meetings will be fixed at the chairman's discretion.
会议厅将由主席决定。
重点词汇:
discretion n. 2. 自由选择或决定
【HILARIOUS】The party got quite hilarious after they brought more wine.
他们又拿来一些酒之后,晚会变得相当热闹。
重点词汇:
hilarious adj. 高兴的;热闹的
【PARAMOUNT】It is a paramount responsibility of every officer to take care of his men before caring for himself.
每个军官的最高职责是在照顾自己之前照料好他的弟兄。
重点词汇:
paramount adj. 最重要的;至上的
【RECEDE】Houses and trees seem to recede as we ride past in a train.
当我们乘火车经过时,房屋和树木似乎在后退。
重点词汇:
recede v. 后退
【RIFE】The whole city was rife with rumors of political corruption and bribery.
全城都在传政治腐败和贿赂的谣言。
重点词汇:
rife adj. 充斥的
【SPONTANEOUS】Both sides burst into spontaneous cheers at the magician's skillful tricks.
双方对魔术师熟练的技艺都不由自主地发出赞叹声。
重点词汇:
spontaneous adj. 自然的;自发的
【TENUOUS】The air ten miles above the earth is very tenuous.
地面上10英里处的空气是非常稀薄的。
重点词汇:
tenuous adj. 细的;薄的
Part 3
【ACME】A baseball player usually reaches the acme of his skill before he is thirty.
一个棒球运动员通常在他30岁之前到达球技高峰。
重点词汇:
acme n. 顶点;极点
【CANDOR】He spared no one's feelings and expressed his views with great candor.
他在不伤害他人感情的前提下,真诚地表达了自己的意见。
重点词汇:
candor n. 坦白;诚意
【DISSUADE】The father finally dissuaded his son from leaving school.
那父亲终于说服了他的儿子不要辍学。
重点词汇:
dissuade v. 劝阻
【GRATUITOUS】Her advice was quite gratuitous; I can think for myself.
她的忠告毫无用处;我会为自己着想。
重点词汇:
gratuitous adj. 不需要的
【IMPEACH】The House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach an officer of the United States Government.
美国众议院有弹劾政府官员的特权。
重点词汇:
impeach v. 检举;弹劾
【OSTENSIBLE】Her ostensible purpose was to borrow some sugar, but she really wanted to see her neighbor's new furniture.
她表面上是来借糖,但她真正的目的是来看看她邻居的新家具。
重点词汇:
ostensible adj. 表面的;假装的
【PALTRY】The poor painter sold his paintings for a paltry sum of money.
那位穷画家贱卖了他的画。
重点词汇:
paltry adj. 无价值的;微不足道的
【SORDID】The poor family lived in a sordid log cabin in the valley.
这个贫穷的家庭住在山谷中一座污秽的小木屋内。
重点词汇:
sordid adj. 污秽的;不洁的
【TIDY】She makes it a rule to keep her room neat and tidy after coming back from school.
放学后,她习惯保持房间的整齐和清洁。
重点词汇:
tidy adj. 整洁的;整齐的
Part 4
【ALOOF】One tall boy stood aloof from all the small children.
一个高个子男孩远远地站着,离开所有矮个子的孩子。
重点词汇:
aloof adv. 远离;躲开
【CARDINAL】Regular meals and exercise are of cardinal importance to our health.
规律的饮食和运动对我们的健康是最重要的。
重点词汇:
cardinal adj. 首要的;主要的
【DRAB】There are many drab houses in the smoky mining town.
冒烟的矿城内有许多土褐色的房子。
重点词汇:
drab adj. 1. 暗黄灰色的;土褐色的
【DRAB】The life of a person who never does anything is dull and drab.
一个从未做过任何事的人生活是索然无味的。
重点词汇:
drab adj. 2. 单调的;枯涩的
【FEUD】The two families had been at feud with each other for three generations.
这两家已有三代的冤仇了。
重点词汇:
feud n. 世仇
【INSOLENT】His insolent speech and behavior upset everyone in the room.
他粗野的言论和行为让房间内的每个人都很不高兴。
重点词汇:
insolent adj. 粗野的;无礼的
【MITIGATE】The judge said that nothing could mitigate the cruelty with which the man had treated the child.
法官说没有任何事能减轻那个人对小孩的残暴行为。
重点词汇:
mitigate v. 使缓和;使减轻
【PERTINENT】A summary of the events leading up to this situation would be pertinent information.
把造成这种情况的事件做简略的说明,才是适当的资料。
重点词汇:
pertinent adj. 中肯切题的
【PREDECESSOR】His predecessor quit because he was not in the least interested in this kind of job.
他的前任因为对这种工作毫无兴趣,所以离职了。
重点词汇:
predecessor n. 某职位的前任
【TARDY】Let me apologize for my being tardy in answering your letter.
让我为我回信迟了而道歉。
重点词汇:
tardy adj. 延迟的
【WHET】You'd think she would never climb again, after falling down the mountain, but it just whetted her appetite.
你也许会认为她从山上摔下来后就不会再爬山了,然而正相反,那正好刺激了她的兴趣。
重点词汇:
whet v. 刺激
Part 5
【ACQUIT】The man accused of stealing the money was acquitted for lack of witnesses.
那人被起诉偷钱,但因没有目击证人而被宣告无罪。
重点词汇:
acquit v. 宣告无罪
【BRITTLE】Be careful not to break the box of glass; that thin glass is hard but brittle.
小心不要打碎那个玻璃盒;那薄薄的玻璃虽然坚硬,但易碎。
重点词汇:
brittle adj. 脆的;易碎的
【DETRACT】The ugly frame detracts from the beauty of the famous picture.
难看的框子有损这幅名画的美。
重点词汇:
detract v. 去掉;减损
【EXTIRPATE】To extirpate weeds is not only to destroy their visible parts but to pull them out by the roots.
除草不只是破坏其可见部分,而是连根拔起。
重点词汇:
extirpate v. 根除
【INDULGENT】The indulgent mother bought her children everything they wanted.
这个溺爱的母亲给孩子买他们想要的任何东西。
重点词汇:
indulgent adj. 1. 放任的
【INDULGENT】The indulgent teacher praised every poem we wrote.
这位宽容的老师称赞我们写的每一首诗。
重点词汇:
indulgent adj. 2. 宽容的
【MENDACIOUS】The mendacious beggar told a different tale of woe at every house.
那个爱说谎的乞丐给每家讲不同的悲哀故事。
重点词汇:
mendacious adj. 爱说谎的;不诚实的
【PLAUSIBLE】For my own sake, I've told a plausible lie at the club meeting, but the members did not believe me at all.
为了我自己,我在俱乐部的会议上说了一个似乎合情合理的谎言,但那些人根本不相信我。
重点词汇:
plausible adj. 似乎合理的;似乎不公平的
【SANCTION】We have the sanction of the recreation department to play ball in this park.
康乐部门允许我们在这个公园里玩球。
重点词汇:
sanction adj. 批准;认可
【SHALLOW】Youngsters usually rush into marriage with only the shallow notions of what love and responsibility mean.
年轻人通常对爱和责任只有一些肤浅的观念,就匆匆的结婚。
重点词汇:
shallow adj. 浅的
【VERGE】We parked the car on the grass verge at the side of the highway.
我们把车停在公路边的草坪上。
重点词汇:
verge n. 边;缘
THE END

 

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