加载中…
搜博主文章
访客
加载中…
新浪微博
我去过的地方
国内 (3篇)
国外 (0篇)
个人资料
Ringo
Ringo
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:15,302
  • 关注人气:30
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
好友
加载中…
博文






阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 

20121011日和13日雅思考试全面预测

写作预测连续4次直接命中A类小作文,大作文压中范围。

预测使用说明INSTRUCTION

●预测适用时间:

20121011日考试(A类)

20121013日考试(A类、G类)

●预测适用考区:

中国大陆地区,港澳台地区,亚洲其他地区(日韩泰)以及澳洲均可参考本预测。以上地区笔试部分(听力、阅读、写作)为统一试卷,口语考试各地区题目可能不同,请参照预测范围进行准备。欧洲、美洲以及其他亚太以外地区不适宜使用该预测,目前除亚太地区以外由于资源和信息等问题还无法提供详细预测,考生朋友可自行参考机经复习。

●预测适用类别:

学术类(A类)

培训类(G类)

●预测发布时间:

2012922日(一般预测发布时间会在目标考试前一周左右)

●预测附加说明:                                    

听力版本对应无忧雅思听力机经(2012夏季版)和3G雅思听力机经(2009BETA版),两者之和才是完整题库。预测中的大部分内容都可在无忧雅思听力机经中找到对应版本,找不到的部分,可以参考3G雅思听力机经。

无忧雅思网及3G雅思网免费下载。

 

最新考试回顾 REVIEW

●听力:

922日考试听力部分为两新两旧题,版本为:

Section 3 = V100520 Section 3 = V66 S3

Section 4 = V 20023 Section 4 = V06121 S4

●阅读:

↘Passage 1Refrigeration(冰箱的发展)

↘Passage 2Infectious Yawning(打哈欠传染的研究)

↘Passage 3Plain English(日常英语)

●写作:

922日的A类小作文预测中强调:“很可能是PieMap”,22日考试小作文为Pie,预测精准命中。

922日的A类大作文预测中强调:“A类大作文主要关注教育类和社会类”,考试题目为社会类话题:年轻人越来越富有、健康和安全却越来越不快乐,说明理由并给出解决方案。

具体题目如下:

A

task1——Pie chart——1987年和2007年学生选择英国大学的理由.

task2——社会——In some countries, young people are not only richer but also safer and healthier than ever before. However, they are less happy. Give reasons and solutions.

●口语:

各地题目不同,详细内容请参考回忆。

临近考前预测FORECAST

↘201210-12月的考生可参考本预测提前准备,每场考试前一周会有具体预测,但总体范围应与本预测相差不会太大。

↘听力版本对应无忧雅思听力机经(2012夏季版)和3G雅思听力机经(2009BETA版),两者之和才是完整题库。预测中的大部分内容都可在无忧雅思听力机经中找到对应版本,找不到的部分,可以参考3G雅思听力机经。

听力预测

难度系数估计:★★☆

新题概率估计:2新题2旧题可能性在60%31新可能为25% 31旧可能性15%

机经使用说明:机经就是以往考过试题的汇总,也就是题库,是由每次考完的考生进行回忆总结,再由专业人士进行汇总编订而成的。雅思考试每次的题目都是由一部分以往的旧题和一部分新题目组成的,对于旧题部分,我们会根据考试的规律将可能出现的题目进行重点提示,以便大家复习。使用时,请下载3G雅思机经和无忧雅思机经并根据预测的版本号与机经中的题目对应进行复习即可。

机经版本预测:见图片



 



阅读预测

难度系数估计:★★

阅读机经的作用不大,因为考生不可能将阅读题目的文章和答案都一一记下变成机经,即便留下了一些答案,也有很多是错误的。所以,考生朋友在使用阅读机经的时候,应注重对背景的理解,而不是背答案。

写作预测

难度系数估计:★☆

11A类小作文很可能是MapCurve,也要注意Bar和组合图(例如TableLinePie的双图组合)。

如果11日小作文考过了Map,则13日不会再考;如果没考过,13日要留心流程图和Map,其次是BarCurve

Map地图题可以参考《向雅思流程图说YES》中的Sample12Sample16。流程图的可能性小于地图,知道写法即可。

A类大作文10月主要关注教育类和社会类(社会类中环境、政府职能话题需重点关注)。具体可参考预测的题目。

11日和13日的大作文应为Agree or disagreeDiscuss both sides的形式,题目会相对简单一些,出现Give reasons and solutions类型写作题的可能性相对较小。

G类小作文为书信(重点关注感谢信和邀请信),大作文关注育儿类和生活类。

写作并非像听力一样容易捕捉题目,能够碰到考前准备好的题目的情况当少见。雅思考试的写作题目也在不断变化。而且就算雅思考试过关,出国求学也有大量的论文要写。建议考生朋友从基础提高写作能力,多仿写目标分数的文章(例如你希望得7分,那么就仿写7分的文章,不要盲目仿写89分的文章,掌握起来很难),积累好的句型和词汇表达,平时注意积累一些好的观点。

相关练习题目:见图片




口语预测

难度系数估计:(不同地区难度不同)

口语题目由于较多且较琐碎,考生朋友请尽量全面地准备。

经过多年预测后,我们发现,口语预测其实不如参考考试当日的回忆。比如,甲1611:30考试,他的题目很可能就是乙1514:00考过的题目(有充分时间可以登录3G分享回忆),也可能是丙169:30考过的题目。在全面准备后,如果能在考前得知题目,用30分钟左右迅速组织语言,也能够对考试成绩有临时的提升。





几点说明NOTICES

1. 预测只是辅助,考试成败关乎自己的未来,请把提高英语水平放在首位,同时用预测来起到画龙点睛锦上添花的作用。不要依赖预测,忽略提高英语水平的根本。

2. 预测谁都能做,你也可以。但是出于对自己的未来负责,不是所有的预测都可以随便相信的。对于现在令人眼花缭乱的预测,有非常准确的,也有滥竽充数的,就像股评家一样多如牛毛,考生要加以区别。首先看这个预测存在了多少年,比如凉月的预测是从2005年开始的,另外杨凡、王陆、颜炜等名师的预测也是早在2005年就已经存在了,都经过了时间的考验;不要相信近一两年甚至几个月才出现的预测(至少没有经过实践的考验)。再看这个预测的准确率,偶尔预测到题目的运气好都能做到,连续几十场都能保持准确预测的,整个雅思界绝不会超过十人。最后看老师的名声,名声好的自然有其道理,名声不好的或者没听说过的,暂且不要相信吧。

3. 关于选择考试日期的问题,最好的日期是自己时间允许且复习的充分的情况下的那一场,而不是盲目选择“简单”的那一场。雅思考试各场的难度其实都差不多,某一场听力简单了,阅读就会难一点,听力阅读都简单的写作可能难一点,况且简单不简单都是考完才知道。即使预测,也只能提前一周左右对下周的考试范围作出判断,已经过了报名时限了。所以选择自己时间最合适的考试就是最好的考试日期。

4. 关于复议,目前雅思考试的写作和口语分数存在偏低显现。如果你的单项分差达到了2分或者以上,比如听力8分,写作5.5分,单项的分差达到2.5分,就申请复议吧,在这种情况下复议的成功率是比较高的。

 

阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 
标签:

博客七周年

我的博客今天315天了,我领取了徽章.  

  • 2009.09.05,我在新浪博客安家。
  • 2009.09.05,我写下了第一篇博文:《从《剑七》看雅思口语的最新题材类型一》。
  • 2009.09.05,我上传了第一张图片到相册。
  • 至今,我的博客共获得10,020次访问。

这些年,新浪博客伴我点点滴滴谱写生活!

阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 
标签:

杂谈

2012/9/1雅思口语预测——100%命中



阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 

2012/9/1雅思口语预测——100%命中





阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 
  • 气候与经济 07/03/10 P21 P237
  • 06/07/22 P23 P216
  • 失落城市 10/9/4 P17 P532
  • 冰川取水 07/07/14 P243
  • 智力测试 08/11/29 P21 P358
  • 电子书 10/11/6 P11 P551 (09/4/4 P403 08/12/4 P361)
  • 10/09/25 P540
  • 05/5/21 P24
  • 写作的历史
  • IKB造船 10/6/5 P17 P496
  • 人脸识别 09/1/15 P373
  • 10/1/14 P472
  • 11/11/17 P680
  • 12/3/17 P13 P720
  • 远程工作 10/2/20 p16 p472
  • 管理学之父 10/2/20 p16 p479
  • 12/1/17 p13 p698
  • 茶与工业革命
  • 乐观与健康06/12/16 p232
  • 07/04/21 p21 p237
  • 10/7/31 p17 p518
  • 短信和电视节目
  • 英国村庄的变迁 10/5/15 p16 p492
  • 茶的历史与发展 11/6/11 p15 p623
  • 磁场学 10/8/5 p17 p522
  • 定量分析 10/8/5 p17 p523
  • 电影评论 06/09/16 p23 p224
  • 10/8/5 p17 p523
  • 解密记忆力 10/8/14 p17 p526
  • 11/4/2 p14 p601
  • 传统管理与新型管理 11/10/22 p15 p671
  • 工作与家庭 11/4/2 p14 p601
  • 民间环境气候观察 11/4/2 p14 p601
  • 解密记忆力 11/4/2 p14 p601
  • 10/8/14 p17 p526
  • 反刍动物 11/4/16 p14 p603
  • 绘画与铸造 11/4/16 p14 p604
  • 新概念市场 11/5/28 p14 p618
  • 肥胖成因 11/5/28 p14 p618
  • 火星 07/9/22 p22 p286
  • 07/12/5 p22 p294
  • 11/1/22 p14 p582
  • 11/5/28 p14 p620
  • 噪音对于儿童的影响 11/6/4 p14 p621
  • 图书馆 09/10/8 p19 p458
  • 11/6/4 p14 p621
  • 航海迁移 11/6/4 p14 p622





阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 

 

 

 



Part 1

TOPIC 1三选一必考

1.      Study

2.      Hometown

3.      Your accommodation (Flat/house)

TOPIC 2&3 随机考查两个


 

4.      Wedding

5.      Color

6.      Diet change/food/cook

7.      City change

8.      Primary school

9.      Public transport/cars/driving

10. Sports/Walking

11. Family/relatives

12. Painting/drawing

13. Work/Future plan

14. Evening

15. Travel

16. Computers

17. Photograph

18. English learning

19. Friends

20. TV program

21. Reading books

22. Childhood/past memory

23. On time/ Lateness

24. Holidays


 

Part 2

People:

1.  a family member in the past who lived an interesting life过世的有趣家庭成员

2.  the couple who you know have a sweet marriage幸福婚姻

3.  a musician or group that is popular in your country知名音乐家或乐队

4.  a famous person in your country/city名人

5.  a child you ever interacted with一个你认识的孩子

6.  a character in a TV program/film电影、电视中的角色

7.  an interesting old person一个有趣的老人

8.  a happiest person you know你知道的最快乐的人

9.  a friend you haven't been in contact for a long time一个很久不见的朋友

10. a person who helped you一个帮助过你的人

Place:

1.        a place with natural beauty一个自然美景地点

2.       a lake or a river or a sea which you've visited你去过的湖泊、河流或大海

3.       a club/team you belonged to你参加过的团队/俱乐部

4.       a traditional building or monument of national importance国家级传统建筑物

5.        an important city in China一个中国重要的城市

6.       a street in your hometown你家乡的街道

Object:

1.  a present you gave to a person你给别人的礼物

2.  a book you would recommend to people你要介绍给别人的书

3.  a work of art (painting or statue)一个艺术品(画或雕塑)

4.  a vehicle you want to buy你要买的交通工具

5.  an electronic device一个电子产品a toy you had in your childhood童年的玩具

7.        a science subject in your secondary school一门中学期间的理科学科

8.       an animal you saw recently/wild animal你最近看到的动物/野生动物

9.       a thing you want to buy if you have lots of money有钱后要买的东西

10.   an TV program you often watch常看的电视节目

11.     old family photo/an interesting photo老家庭照片/有趣的照片

12.    advertisement广告

13.    an item of clothing or jewelry you wear in a special occasion特殊场合衣服或珠宝

Event:

1.           a piece of family news which makes you feel happy让你快乐的家庭新闻

2.          a difficult thing you did well一件搞定的难事

3.          an unforgettable birthday party难忘的生日

4.          first day of school/course/work学校/课程/工作的第一天

5.           one thing make you laugh让你大笑的一件事

6.          an ideal job理想的工作

7.           a trip you had in your childhood童年的旅行

8.          an occasion when you were polite一个你曾经礼貌的场合

9.          a favorite way of communication最喜欢的交流方式

10.      a popular physical exercise一种流行的身体锻炼方式

11.        an important historical event一个重要历史事件

12.       what would you like to do if you have a free day空闲的一天

13.       an exciting experience一件令人激动的事情

14.       a wedding you took part in你参加的婚礼

15.       a time you receive help or support from others一次接受别人帮助的时候

16.       favorite time in a day一天中最享受的时光

阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 



PART TWO

 

 

People:

Describe a neighbor of yours

An Adventurous Person 

Describe the oldest person that you know

Describe a person you visited recently

A child you know

A person you would like to travel with

A friend who is a good leader

A person who helped you

Describe your personality

Describe a character from a story you read or heard in your childhood  

Describe someone who has recently been in the news who you would like to meet

Describe a person you know who has a healthy lifestyle

Describe a friend you had when you were a child 9月份新题)

Describe your best friend9月份新题)

Describe a good student you have studied with9月份新题)

Describe two people who you know from the same family9月份新题)

Describe an old person who you like to talk to9月份新题)

 

Place

A leisure center

An ideal home you would like to have

A successful company

The room in your home where you spent the most time when you were a child

Describe a place near a lot of water that you enjoyed visiting

Describe a peaceful place that you have been to

A historical buildind

Describe a building in a school or university that you attended

Describe a shop you like

Describe a street you know well

Describe a place where you often walk

Describe a beautiful park or garden you visite

Describe restaurant that you like to go to with your family or friends 9月份新题)

Describe an place in a town or city that you enjoyed visiting9月份新题)

Describe an interesting place you would like to visit9月份新题)

Describe a workplace that you know (e.g., as an office, a factory or a shop)9月份新题)

 

Object:

1. Describe a job that you know about that makes the world a better place

2. Describe a friend you would like to give a gift to

3. Something you want to buy

4. Describe a type of foreign food that you would like to try

5. A Type of Book You Like to Read 

6. Describe a photograph

7. Something expensive you bought

8. Describe a time when you saw an interesting animal 

9.  Describe a style of clothes that you like to buy

10.Describe an unforgettable advertisement that you saw or heard 9月份新题)

11. Describe a book you have read more than once 9月份新题)

12. Describe something expensive you would buy if you had a lot of money 9月份新题)

13. Describe your work plans for the future 9月份新题)

14. Describe a gift you would like to give to one of your friends9月份新题)

 

Media

1. Describe an article you recently read in a newspaper or magazine

2. Describe a foreign film that you recently enjoyed watching

3. An Educational Television Program 

4. Describe an interesting news story that you read or heard about recently.  

5.  Describe a song that you remember from your childhood  

 

Event

1. Describe something unusual or interesting that you did recently

2. Describe a happy event from your childhood that you remember well

3. Describe an enjoyable conversation you recently had with someone by phone

4. Describe a musical event you attended or saw on TV that you liked

5. Describe what you would do if you had a day off, free from work or study

6. Describe a trip you plan to take in the near future

7. Describe a sports competition that you took part in or watched

8. Describe something that you would like to succeed in doing in the near future

9. Describe an enjoyable family event such as a birthday party or family dinner that you attended

10. Describe a trip that took longer than you expected

11. Describe an occasion when you heard some music from another country 9月份新题)

12.Describe a wedding you attended 9月份新题)

13. Describe a time when you saw an interesting animal 9月份新题)

14. Describe an experience that had an impact on you 9月份新题)

15. Describe something that made you angry 9月份新题)

16. Describe an event that resulted in a positive change in your life 9月份新题)

 

阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 

 



PART 1 (三选一)

Your Work or Your Studies  

Do you work or are you a student?

Your Work 

What work do you do?

Why did you choose to do that kind of work (or, that job)?

What do you do in your job?

Do you like (or, enjoy) your job?

What part of your job do you like the most?

Do you intend to (or, want to) continue doing this kind of work (or, this job)?  

If you had the chance, would you (like to) change your job?

Is your work very interesting?
What's the most interesting aspect of your work?

Which is more important to you, the people you work with or the work itself?

Your Studies 

Why did you choose to study that?

What do you learn in that course?

Would you like to continue your studies in the future?

Do you like your subject?

What do you like most about it?

(For High school students) What subject (or, subjects) do you like the most?

Do you think it's important to study something that you like?

What do you plan to do after you have finished your studies?

Is your subject (or, your course) very interesting?

What's the most interesting part about it?

(In a classroom,) who do you think is more important, the students or the teacher?

Who gives you more help, the teachers or other students?

What do you get from your teachers? 

 

Your Hometown 

Where is your hometown?

Is that a big city or a small place (or, a small town)?

Which do you prefer, to live in a big city or a small place?

Where are you living now, in your hometown or another place?

How long have your been living there/here?

Would you say your hometown is an interesting place? 

What's the most interesting thing about living there/here?

Would you say it's a good place to live?

 

Your Home (Your Accommodation) 

Do you live in a house or a flat?

Please describe your home a little.

Do you share your room with anyone?  

Do you like your home?

If you could change (or, improve) something about your home, what would it be?

What's your favourite room in your home? 

What part of your home do you like the best?

How is this room decorated?

(In the future,) what sort of home would you like to live in? 

Do you live in the city or the suburbs?

Do you like the environment around your home? 

 

 

2011年 9月份PART 1 TOPIC 2 & 3 新题(重复06、07年旧题)

1. Noise(新题)
Do you prefer a quiet environment or an environment with some sounds?
Does your school have any quiet places for studying?
What are some places where there is a lot of noise?
What natural sound do you like (the most)? (Why?)
What sounds do you dislike? (Why?)
Are you ever bothered by noise?
Do you think that cities will become noisier in the future?
What sounds remind you of your childhood?

 

2. Driving a Car (新题)

Do you or your family have a car?

Do you know how to drive a car (or, drive it)?

(If you know how to drive) Do you prefer to drive or to be a passenger?

Do you (know how to) drive a car? 

When did you get your driver's license? 

Do you think it's important to get (or, to have) a driver's license?

Do you think it's important to pay attention to safety when driving?

Do you think it's important to drive well? 

What advice would you give people about safe driving?

Do you think children should be allowed to drive a car (= to get a driver's license)?

The question above might be this: Do you think all young people should learn how to drive?

What do you think is the most suitable (minimum) age for a young person to get a driver's license?

Do high schools in your country have driving classes? (Why?/Why not?)

Do you think it's important to have driving classes at school?

 

3. Mobile Phones (新题)

Do you have a mobile phone (= "a cell phone")?
Do you use a cell phone?
Is your cell phone important for you in your daily life?
What do you use it for? 
How often do you use it?
When did you get it?  
How did you get your first mobile phone?
How did you feel when you got your first mobile phone?
What feature (or, function) of your cell phone do you like the best?
Is there anything you dislike about using cell phones?

 

4. Birthdays (新题)

Do you like birthdays?

Do people in China celebrate birthdays?

How do you like to celebrate your birthday?  

Do people in China have birthday parties?  

Do you prefer birthday parties with your friends or with your family?

What did you do on your last birthday?

Do you think it's important for people to celebrate birthdays?  

Do you think it's important to give a (special) gift to someone on their birthday?

Are birthdays more important for children or for adults?  

Do children and adults celebrate birthdays the same way?

What do children do when they have a birthday party?

 

5. The Internet (新题)

Do you ever use the internet? (= access the internet = go onto the internet = log onto the internet)  
How (or, where) do you go onto the internet? 
What do you do on the internet?
Have you ever bought anything on the internet?
When did you start using (or first learn to use) the internet?
How did you learn to use the internet?  
Where did you learn to use the internet? 
Do you think the internet is a good thing?  
Is there anything that's not so good about (or, on) the internet?
What are the good and bad points about the internet?  
Do you think the use of the internet needs to be controlled?  
Do you think people can trust (or, rely on) the information they read on the internet?
In general, what impact does the internet have on people's lives? 
Is the internet very popular in China?
What kinds of people (= what groups or what categories of people) most often use the internet?
How can people best make use of the internet?
Is there anything you don't understand about the internet?  
What do you think is the best way to learn about (or learn how to use) the internet?
How can people learn things on the internet?
What sorts of things can people learn on the internet?
What do you think are the benefits of "e-learning"? (= studying online)  

 

6. Languages (learning languages) (新题)

What foreign languages have you studied ?
Why did you choose to study that language?
How did you learn that language?
How long have you been learning that language (or, learning English)?
Would you say it's a difficult language to learn?  
What difficulties do people have when they try to learn another language?
How do you practice your English?
How do you study English?
Do people in your country have many chances to practice oral English?
Do you think it's important to know more than one language?
What do you think the benefits would be if a person mastered a foreign language?
If you had the chance, would you be willing to learn another language?

 

7. Emails and Letters (新题)

Do you write many letters or emails?
Do you prefer to write letters by hand or to use a computer?
Which do you more often write, emails or letters?
How often do you write an email or a letter?
What are the differences between emails and letters?
What do you usually write about?
Who do you usually write to?
Is it hard to think of what to write?
What kind(s) of letter/email do you think is (are) the hardest to write?
How do you feel when you receive a letter or email?
What kinds of emails (or letters) do you receive that make you feel happy (or, "excited"?
Do you think people will still write letters in the future?

 

8. Children (新题)

Do you often come into contact with children?
What do you do when you are with these children?
How often do you play with children?


1. Bird

Do you like birds?

Are there many birds around your neighbourhood?  

What kinds of birds are there where you live?  

In your country, do different birds represent different things? 

In your country, do any birds have special significance?

Are there any birds in your country/where you live that have become extinct? 

Are there any birds in your country/where you live that are much less common today than they used to be?

Do you think we should protect (wild) birds?

 

2. Hand made stuff  

Did you ever make anything by hand when you were a child?  

Did you ever make a toy when you were a child?  

Do children in your country often make things by hand?  

Do you think it's good for children to learn to make things by hand?  

At schools in your country, do children have any classes in which they learn to make things by hand?  

What handicrafts do people in your country like to make?  

Is there anything that you would like to learn to make by hand?  

Why do you think people sometimes choose to buy hand-made things ?

Do you like making things by hand?  


3. Colours    

What's your favourite colour? 

What colours do you especially like?

Are colours important to you?

Were colours important to you when you were a child?

Were any colours important to you when you were a child?

Is colour very important to you when you are buying clothes?

Do you prefer light or dark (or, bright) colours?  


4.Names  

Who gave you your name? 

Do you like your name?  

Would you like to change your name?

Who usually names children in your country?

Do you have any special traditions about naming children? 

Who usually names children in your country?

Do you have any special traditions about naming children?

What do people consider when they are giving a baby a name in your country?


5. The Weather/The Seasons 

What season do you like best?

Has the weather in your country changed much in the past few years?

What season do you think is most suitable for work and study?

Do you like sunny weather?

Has the weather in your country changed much in the past few years?

What's the weather usually like in your hometown? 

 

6. Taking Photographs   

Do you like taking photographs?

How often do you take photographs?

When do you take photographs?

What do you like to photograph?

Do you prefer to take pictures of scenery or of people?

What kinds of photographs do you most like to look at?

Is taking photographs very popular in your country

Which do you think is better to send to someone, a postcard that has a photograph on it or a photograph you took yourself?

What kinds of photographs do you most like to look at?

 

7. Meals 

What food do people where you live usually eat?

How do people in your country usually eat a meal?

Do you prefer to sit together as a family for a meal, or to eat separately?

Do you know how to cook?

Where do people in your country usually eat their meals?

Where do you usually eat your meals?

Do you usually eat your meals together with your family?

Do you prefer to sit together with your family for a meal, or to eat separately?

What are the benefits of (or, what is the importance of) eating with the family?

 

8. Happiness

What do you think, "happiness" is?

What do you think makes people feel happy?

Do you do anything to keep yourself happy?

Why do people feel happy when they are at a natural place ? 

Do you think money plays an important part in people's happiness?

Do you think people's wealth and their happiness are related?


9. Swimming

Do you know how to swim?

Do many children in your country learn how to swim?

Do many people in your country swim?

How do children learn to swim?

Do you prefer to swim in the sea or in a swimming pool?

 

10. Television 

What's your favourite TV show?

Do you prefer to watch TV alone or with others?

Do you feel you watch too much TV?

Would you like to watch more TV than you do?  

Do you think you watched too much TV when you were a child?

How much television do you watch?

 

11. Primary school

What was the first school you attended?

Was it a good school?

Did you like it?

What were the good things about your primary school?

Was it far from your home?

How did you go to (or, travel to) school

 

12. Friends

Do you live with your family?

Do you think family members should live together?

When do you spend time with your family?

What do you do together?

Do you often go out with your friends?

Do you prefer to spend time with your family or with your friends? (Why?)

Which do you think is more important, your family or your friends? (Why?)

 

13.Numbers

In your country, do any numbers have special meaning?

What's your favourite number?

Are there any numbers or dates that you think are important to remember?

How often do you need to memorize a number?

Which do you think are easier to remember, names or numbers?

How do you remember a number?

 

14.Time 

How do you organize your time?

Why do you organize your time?

Would you say you are good at managing your time? 

Where did you learn how to organize your time?

How do you use your time?

If you had more time, what would you do?

 

15. Painting 

Did you do any painting when you were a child?

How about now? Do you still paint pictures?

Do you think you will paint any pictures in the future? 

What do you think are the benefits of painting for children? 

Do you think painting is important for adults?

 

16. Concerts 

Have you ever been to a live concert?

Are concerts ever held in your hometown?

When was the last time you attended a concert?

Would you like to go to a concert in the future?

Would you prefer to watch a concert on TV or to attend a live concert? 

Which would you prefer, to attend a concert of your favourite artist or to buy a CD of this artist? 

 

17. Science 

Do you like science?  

What science have you studied?

What science subjects do you like the most?

What's the most interesting science to you?

Is there anything about science that you dislike?

What are your sources of information about science?

How do you study science?

What's the most difficult part of studying science?

What science do students study at school in your country? 

How has the science that you have studied helped you?

How does the science you have studied help you? 

How do you think the science you have studied will help you?

 

18. Holidays 

What public holidays do you have in your country?

Which public holidays do you like the most? 

What did you do in the last public holiday? 

Do you prefer doing things indoors or outdoors on a holiday?   

In your country, do old people usually do the same things as young people during a holiday?   

What family holidays do you usually celebrate?

Do you think it's important to have public holidays?

Do you think there should be more public holidays in your country? 

 

19.Flowers 

Do you like flowers?

What flowers do you like?   

Do any flowers have any special meaning in your country?   

In your country, do people give flowers as a gift?

On what occasions do people in your country give flowers to other people?

 

20. Housework  

Do people in your country do much housework?  

In your home, who does the housework? 

Do you do much housework? 

What housework do you like to do?  

What housework did you do when you were a child?   

Do you think children should do housework?

Do people in your country spend much time doing housework?  

Do you feel people in your country have enough time to do housework? 

 

21. Gifts 

Do you ever give people gifts?

Do you ever receive gifts?

Do you prefer receiving a gift or giving a gift? 

Who did you last give a gift to?  

When was the last time you received a gift?   

Do you think it's difficult to choose what gift to give to people?  

22. Outdoor Activities 

Do you like outdoor activities?   

What outdoor activities do you like to do?   

How often do you do that? 

Do people in your country prefer to spend time indoors or outdoors?

What outdoor activities are popular in your country? 

 

23. Flying 

Have you ever traveled by plane?

When was the last time you traveled by air?

Did you like it (like flying)?

How does flying compare to other forms of transport?

Would you like to travel by plane again?

Do people travel by air more today than in the past?

Do you think there will be more people traveling by air in the future?

Do you think you will fly (or, be flying) less, or more, in the future?

If you travel by plane again, where do you think you will go  

 

Museums 

Do you like to go to museums?
Do you often visit a museum?
What kinds of museums are there in your country?
Did you go to any museums when you were a child?
When was the last time you visited a museum?
Do you think museums are important?
Do you think museums are useful for visitors to your hometown/country?
Do you think it's good (or, suitable) for museums to sell things to visitors?
Do you think people should have to pay to enter museums?

 

News 

Do you read newspapers?
What sections of the newspaper do you usually read?  
Do you prefer to read newspapers or watch TV to get your news?
What news topics are you most interested in watching/reading about?
Do you ever get your news from the internet?
How important do you think the news is? 


24. Dancing  

Do you like dancing?

When was the last time you danced?

When was the last time you watched a dance performance?

Have you ever learned to dance?

Why do some people learn dancing?

Why do you think some (or, many) people like dancing?

Do you think there are any advantages for young people to go dancing?

Do you think it's good for children to learn to dance?

 

25. Books & Reading  

Do you like reading (books)?
What (kinds of ) books do you like to read?
Are you reading any books at the moment?
Did you read much when you were a child?
What (kinds of) books did you like reading when you were a child?
Do (young) children like reading books?
For children, what do you think are the benefits of reading? 
Do you think children should learn to read at an earlier age than they do now?  
Is reading books important for you now?
Do you like to collect books?
Do you know how to write a book?
Do you like receiving a book as a gift?
Do you think it's important to have public libraries?
Do you think the government has a responsibility to provide public libraries for everyone? *

 

26. The Ocean  

Have you ever been to the seaside?
How many times have you been to the seaside?
Did you like the ocean (or, it)? (or, like the sea; or, like the seaside)
What (benefits) did you get from going there?
What do people in China do when they go to the beach?
Would you like to live in a house near the ocean?

 

Your Daily Routine  

What do you do on a typical day?
When do you do most of your study? 
How do you think your daily routine could be improved?
 (Similar to above) Is there anything you would you like to change about your daily routine?
How much time do you think people should spend working per week?

 

Emails and Letters  

Do you write many letters or emails?
Which do you more often write, emails or letters?
How often do you write an email or a letter?
What are the differences between emails and letters?
What do you usually write about?
Who do you usually write to?  
Is it hard to think of what to write?
What kind(s) of letter/email do you think is (are) the hardest to write?
How do you feel when you receive a letter or email?
What kinds of emails (or letters) do you receive that make you feel happy

 

27. Animals 

Do you like animals?
What's your favourite animal? (Why?) 
Are people in your country fond of animals?
What kinds of animals as a pet do the people have in your country?
Compared with the past, have there been any changes concerning pets in your country/hometown?
Do you think cities are suitable places for keeping a pet?
Do children like animals?
What was your favourite animal when you were a child?
Did you have any pets when you were a child? 

What do you think are the benefits of a child having a pet?
If you have children in the future, will you allow them to raise a pet?

What farm animals do you have in your country?
Do you think farm animals are important?
How are these animals used?
What's the most famous wild animal from your country?
What's your favourite wild animal? 

 

28. Leisure Time 

How much free time (or time to relax) do you have (per week)?
How do you relax?
What do you do in your spare time (= free time)?
Do you have any hobbies (or interests)?
What benefits do you get from this (these) hobby (hobbies)?
What do you do on weekends?
(In the evenings), do you prefer to relax at home and watch TV or go out with your friends?
Do you think it's important to (have time to) relax?
In your country, what leisure activities do people do?
Do men and women relax ( = spend their free time) in the same way?
What do you usually do with your family?
Do you think modern people like to do things with others, in a group?  
Do you often do things in a group?  
Do you prefer to do things in a family group or in a group of friends?  
How do you usually spend your holidays?
How did you spend your last holidays (vacation)? 

 

Sport 

Are you interested in sport?
Do you like sport?
What sports do you like?
What sports do you usually play?
Do most people in your country like sport?
Do men and women feel the same about sport?
Do men and women play the same sports?
What benefits do you think sport can bring us?
Do (did) you often play sport at school?
What sports did you play when you were a child?
What are the benefits of playing sport?
Do you think we should encourage children to play sport in school?
If you have children in the future, will you let them take part in any sport?  

 

29. Collecting 

Did you collect anything when you were a child?

Do you still collect them now?
Do you collect anything as a hobby now?
Why do you like collecting things?
Do people in your country like to collect things?
Why do you think people like collecting things?  
What are some examples of things that some people (in your country) collect (as a hobby)?
Do you think you will collect anything in the future?
If you had a lot of money, what would you like to collect?
Would you collect something that you think will have value in the future?

 

30. Films 

Do you like to watch films?
How often do you watch a film?
Where do you prefer to watch films?
Do you like to watch films in a cinema?
Do you prefer to watch films at home or in a cinema?
Do you prefer to watch films alone or with others?
Do you prefer to watch films or read books?
What types of films do you like?
Do you ever watch foreign films?
Are there any types of films that you dislike?
What kinds of films did you like to watch when you were a child?
Do you still like the same kind(s) of films now?  
What are the differences between the films that children like to watch and the films that adults like to watch?
Some people say watching films is a waste of time. What do you think?
Why do you think people like to watch films?

 

Languages 

What foreign languages have you studied (or, learned)?
Why did you choose to study that language?
How did you learn that language?
How long have you been learning that language (or, learning English)?
Would you say it's a difficult language to learn? (Why?) 
How do you practice your English?
How do you study English?  
Do people in your country have many chances to practice oral English?
Do you think it's important to know more than one language?
What do you think the benefits would be if a person mastered a foreign language?
If you had the chance, would you be willing to learn another language?

 

31.Traveling 

Do you like travelling?  
Where do you like to go when you go traveling?
Have you ever traveled for a long time? = Have you (ever) been on any long trips?
Do you like long trips?  
What's (or, when was) the longest journey you've been on?   
How do you feel when you travel? 
What form of transport do you prefer to use when you travel?
What was the last place you traveled to?
Which city (or place) that you have been to did you like the most?
Have you ever been to any unusual (or, strange) places?
Have you ever travelled alone?
Do you prefer to travel alone or with other people?  
Where (which country or place) would you like to travel to (in the future)?
What makes a place attractive for visitors (or, tourists)?
What places in China are (or, would be) attractive for foreigners to travel to?
Why do you think traveling is so popular nowadays?
Do you think finding out about other people's culture is important?

 

 

 

 

阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 

V111022P3背景文章阅读

Sleep **   

 

Section A

In mammals and birds, sleep is divided into two broad types: rapid eye movement (REM) and non-rapid eye movement (NREM or non-REM) sleep. Each type has a distinct set of associated physiological, neurological, and psychological features. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) further divides NREM into three stages: N1, N2, and N3, the last of which is also called delta sleep or slow-wave sleep (SWS).Hypnogram showing sleep cycles from midnight to 6.30 am, with deep sleep early on. There is more REM (marked red) before waking.Stage N3 sleep; EEG highlighted by red box. Thirty seconds of deep sleep, here with greater than 50% delta waves.REM sleep; EEG highlighted by red box; eye movements highlighted by red line. Thirty seconds of sleep.Sleep proceeds in cycles of REM and NREM, the order normally being N1 N2 N3 N2 REM. There is a greater amount of deep sleep (stage N3) earlier in the sleep cycle, while the proportion of REM sleep increases later in the sleep cycle and just before natural awakening.The stages of sleep were first described in 1937 by Alfred Lee Loomis and his coworkers, who separated the different electroencephalography (EEG) features of sleep into five levels (A to E), which represented the spectrum from wakefulness to deep sleep.In 1953, REM sleep was discovered as distinct, and thus William Dement and Nathaniel Kleitman reclassified sleep into four NREM stages and REM.The staging criteria were standardized in 1968 by Allan Rechtschaffen and Anthony Kales in the "R&K sleep scoring manual." In the R&K standard, NREM sleep was divided into four stages, with slow-wave sleep comprising stages 3 and 4. In stage 3, delta waves made up less than 50% of the total wave patterns, while they made up more than 50% in stage 4. Furthermore, REM sleep was sometimes referred to as stage 5.In 2004, the AASM commissioned the AASM Visual Scoring Task Force to review the R&K scoring system. The review resulted in several changes, the most significant being the combination of stages 3 and 4 into Stage N3. The revised scoring was published in 2007 as The AASM Manual for the Scoring of Sleep and Associated Events.Arousals and respiratory, cardiac, and movement events were also added.

 

Sleep stages and other characteristics of sleep are commonly assessed by polysomnography in a specialized sleep laboratory. Measurements taken include EEG of brain waves, electrooculography (EOG) of eye movements, and electromyography (EMG) of skeletal muscle activity. In humans, each sleep cycle lasts from 90 to 110 minutes on average,and each stage may have a distinct physiological function. This can result in sleep that exhibits loss of consciousness but does not fulfill its physiological functions (i.e., one may still feel tired after apparently sufficient sleep).Scientific studies on sleep having shown that sleep stage at awakening is an important factor in amplifying sleep inertia. Alarm clocks involving sleep stage monitoring appeared on the market in 2005.Using sensing technologies such as EEG electrodes or accelerometers, these alarm clocks are supposed to wake people only from light sleep.

 

Section B

According to the 2007 AASM standards, NREM consists of three stages. There is relatively little dreaming in NREM.

 

Stage N1 refers to the transition of the brain from alpha waves having a frequency of 8–13 Hz (common in the awake state) to theta waves having a frequency of 4–7 Hz. This stage is sometimes referred to as somnolence or drowsy sleep. Sudden twitches and hypnic jerks, also known as positive myoclonus, may be associated with the onset of sleep during N1. Some people may also experience hypnagogic hallucinations during this stage. During N1, the subject loses some muscle tone and most conscious awareness of the external environment.

 

Stage N2 is characterized by sleep spindles ranging from 11 to 16 Hz (most commonly 12–14 Hz) and K-complexes. During this stage, muscular activity as measured by EMG decreases, and conscious awareness of the external environment disappears. This stage occupies 45–55% of total sleep in adults.

 

Stage N3 (deep or slow-wave sleep) is characterized by the presence of a minimum of 20% delta waves ranging from 0.5–2 Hz and having a peak-to-peak amplitude >75 μV. (EEG standards define delta waves to be from 0 to 4 Hz, but sleep standards in both the original R&K, as well as the new 2007 AASM guidelines have a range of 0.5–2 Hz.) This is the stage in which parasomnias such as night terrors, nocturnal enuresis, sleepwalking, and somniloquy occur. Many illustrations and descriptions still show a stage N3 with 20–50% delta waves and a stage N4 with greater than 50% delta waves; these have been combined as stage N3.

 

Section C

Rapid eye movement sleep, or REM sleep, accounts for 20–25% of total sleep time in most human adults. The criteria for REM sleep include rapid eye movements as well as a rapid low-voltage EEG. Most memorable dreaming occurs in this stage. At least in mammals, a descending muscular atonia is seen. Such paralysis may be necessary to protect organisms from self-damage through physically acting out scenes from the often-vivid dreams that occur during this stage.

Sleep timing is controlled by the circadian clock, sleep-wake homeostasis, and in humans, within certain bounds, willed behavior. The circadian clock—an inner timekeeping, temperature-fluctuating, enzyme-controlling device—works in tandem with adenosine, a neurotransmitter that inhibits many of the bodily processes associated with wakefulness. Adenosine is created over the course of the day; high levels of adenosine lead to sleepiness. In diurnal animals, sleepiness occurs as the circadian element causes the release of the hormone melatonin and a gradual decrease in core body temperature. The timing is affected by one's chronotype. It is the circadian rhythm that determines the ideal timing of a correctly structured and restorative sleep episode.

 

Section D

Homeostatic sleep propensity (the need for sleep as a function of the amount of time elapsed since the last adequate sleep episode) must be balanced against the circadian element for satisfactory sleep. Along with corresponding messages from the circadian clock, this tells the body it needs to sleep. Sleep offset (awakening) is primarily determined by circadian rhythm. A person who regularly awakens at an early hour will generally not be able to sleep much later than his or her normal waking time, even if moderately sleep-deprived.Sleep duration is affected by the gene DEC2. Some people have a mutation of this gene; they sleep two hours less than normal. Neurology professor Ying-Hui Fu and her colleagues bred mice that carried the DEC2 mutation and slept less than normal mice.

 

Section E

The optimal amount of sleep is not a meaningful concept unless the timing of that sleep is seen in relation to an individual's circadian rhythms. A person's major sleep episode is relatively inefficient and inadequate when it occurs at the "wrong" time of day; one should be asleep at least six hours before the lowest body temperature. The timing is correct when the following two circadian markers occur after the middle of the sleep episode and before awakening:

     maximum concentration of the hormone melatonin, and

     minimum core body temperature.

 

Human sleep needs can vary by age and among individuals, and sleep is considered to be adequate when there is no daytime sleepiness or dysfunction. Moreover, self-reported sleep duration is only moderately correlated with actual sleep time as measured by actigraphy, and those affected with sleep state misperception may typically report having slept only four hours despite having slept a full eight hours.A University of California, San Diego psychiatry study of more than one million adults found that people who live the longest self-report sleeping for six to seven hours each night. Another study of sleep duration and mortality risk in women showed similar results. Other studies show that "sleeping more than 7 to 8 hours per day has been consistently associated with increased mortality," though this study suggests the cause is probably other factors such as depression and socioeconomic status, which would correlate statistically. It has been suggested that the correlation between lower sleep hours and reduced morbidity only occurs with those who wake after less sleep naturally, rather than those who use an alarm.

 

Section F

Researchers at the University of Warwick and University College London have found that lack of sleep can more than double the risk of death from cardiovascular disease, but that too much sleep can also be associated with a doubling of the risk of death, though not primarily from cardiovascular disease. Professor Francesco Cappuccio said, "Short sleep has been shown to be a risk factor for weight gain, hypertension, and Type 2 diabetes, sometimes leading to mortality; but in contrast to the short sleep-mortality association, it appears that no potential mechanisms by which long sleep could be associated with increased mortality have yet been investigated. Some candidate causes for this include depression, low socioeconomic status, and cancer-related fatigue. In terms of prevention, our findings indicate that consistently sleeping around seven hours per night is optimal for health, and a sustained reduction may predispose to ill health."Furthermore, sleep difficulties are closely associated with psychiatric disorders such as depression, alcoholism, and bipolar disorder.Up to 90% of adults with depression are found to have sleep difficulties. Dysregulation found on EEG includes disturbances in sleep continuity, decreased delta sleep and altered REM patterns with regard to latency, distribution across the night and density of eye movements.

阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 

1

1

09119

 

瘙痒和笑tickling and laughing

2

3

09112

 

 evolution 讨论生物进化throwback 返祖现象的研究Evolutionary U-turns

3

1

09118

 

Face recognition

4

2

09118

 

fraction折射定律The discovery of Refraction

5

2

09123

 

金星观测 Transit of Venus

6

3

09132

 

FLEXIBLE WORKING TIME 弹性工作制A flexible work schedule

7

1

07116

 

磁疗

8

3

09119

 

乌龟和海龟  tortoise and turtle

9

1

09147

 

珍珠

10

1

09125

 

奥运会火炬 torch relay

11

1

09116

Henry Mintzberg明茨伯格的经理角色学派理论

12

1

07135

航海用钟表 marine navigation

13

1

09113

连锁超市是如何发起的

14

1

09112

practical action 贫穷地区的交通

15

1

09108

蓝脚鲣鸟 Blue-footed Booby

16

1

09105

植物激素和 insects

17

1

09103

飞机和温室效应  飞机污染 aviation air travel以及它的emission

18

1

09149

小孩子Kindergarten教育问题Education Philosophy

19

1

09144

英国工业革命和茶叶

20

1

09142

二氧化碳减排 CO2

21

1

09139

浮法玻璃

22

1

09138

 关于澳洲Mungo man 的起源

23

1

09136

城市交通

24

1

09134

昆士兰的生态旅游

25

1

09133

 公园the importance of parks

26

1

09117

象形文字

27

1

07110

市场营销 MARKETING MANAGEMENT

 

阅读  ┆ 评论  ┆ 禁止转载 ┆ 收藏 
  

新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 不良信息反馈 电话:4006900000 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

新浪公司 版权所有