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关系分句

语法

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

      Relative Clause is a structure led by relative word.We also call it 'Attributive Clause',for its main function is to modify nouns.But Relative Clause has many other meanings expect used as a Attributive.Relative Clause has two types :Restrictive Relative Clause and Non-restrictive Relative Clause.

  • Exercises on the Book

1.You're the only person that can believe.

解析:当先行项指人并带有only,all,any等限定词时,其后用作分句主语的关系代词通常用that。

2.He eats the finest food that is available.

解析:当先行项带有最高级修饰语时,其后关系代词通常用that.

 

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存在句

it-句型

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

    Existential Sentence is a special structure which means 'exist' .Its main function is conveying new information and leading to new topic.It-structure includes three types: (1) with 'it' as its formal subject indicting time,distance,weather etc. (2) with 'it' as anticipatory (3) Cleft Sentence.

  • Exercises on the Book

1.People don't want there to be another war.

解析:作宾语时,通常用there to be 结构。能这样用的机务动词为数有限,常见的有expect,mean,intend,want,like,prefer,hate 等。

2.John asked about there being another meeting.

解析:'about'为介词,后面接动名词。

 

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副词和其词组

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

    Adverb,like adjective,mainly used as a modifier.It can modify verb,adjective,adverb and preposition.Adverbial phrase used as a adverbial in a sentence,indicates time,place,way.Adverb can be classified by Simple Adverb and Derivative Adverb according to the constitution of verb.Most of them are Derivative Adverb.They end up with -ly.

  • Exercises on the Book

1.The plane goes direct from London to Houston without stopping.(direct,directly)

解析:direct作“直线地,不饶圈子地”解,作“直接地”解时用directly;directly也可作“立即,

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形容词及其词组

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

   This week,we have finished 'Adjective and its phrase'.We learned some sentence structures as: (1) as + adj. + a + n. (sing.) (2) as + many/much + n. (3) as much of + n.+as .And three expression_r_r_r_rgs of multiplication as: (1)倍数+ as +adj.+ as (2)倍数+ the +n. +of (3) the same + n.+ as

  • Exercises on the Book

Transform each of the sentences below so as to produce a subject complement consisting of a participial adj.+prepositional phrase.

1.Now,his behavior would not have worried his father at all.

   Now,His father would not have worried with his behavior at all.

2.His conduct would have surprised his old

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形容词

语法

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

     Adjective are open-class words. They are chiefly used as modifying elements in a sentence. In this lecture, we have talked about classification ordering and uses of adjectives as well as comparison. In terms of word formation adjective can be so divided.

  • Exercises on the Book

1.You look as though you need a rest.I suggest a long vacation in the country.

解析:“你看上去好像需要休息,我建议你到城市去放个长假。”

2.You are always forgetting your assignment.You are a very forgetful person.

解析:“你经常忘记自己的任务,你是个非常健忘的人。”

3.Give

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-ed分词

语法

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

   This week,we have learned -ED Participle.We mainly talked about -ED Participle used as Premodifier,Subject Complement and Object Complement in a noun phrase.-ED Participle used as Premosifier usually comes from transitive verb and few are intransitive ones.The former one has the meaning of passive and done while the latter one only has the meaning of done.

  • Exercises on the Book

1.They went off together and left me sitting (sit) there.

解析:'leave sb. doing sth.'意为任由某人做某事。

2.At any rate I didn't succeed in making myself understood (understand) by you.

解析:'make sb. understood'意为让某人被理解。

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-ing分词

语法

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

    -ING Participle includes Present Participle and Gerund.Last week,we have learned some collocations with -ing Participle such as 'Verb + -ing Participle' and 'Verb + Object + Prepositon + -ing Participle '.-ING Participle can function as subject,object,predicative,attributive,and complement.

  • Exercises on the Book

1.We all appreciate your wanting (want) to help (help) us in our difficulties.

解析:appreciate只能带-ing分词结构而不能带不定式结构作宾语;want to do sth.“想要做某事”。

2.A:I'm thinking of flying (fly) to Oxford tomorrow in my helicopter,Would you like to come (come) ?

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不定式

语法

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

   English verb has three non-finite forms:Infinitive,-Ing Participle,-Ed Participle.This week,we have learned some usages of non-finite verbs.There are two forms of Infinitive:To-infinitive and Bare-infinitive.It usually with 'to' except some regular forms and sometimes with 'to' or not are both acceptable.

  • Exercises on the Book

Add to where necessary:

1.Rather than           run the risk of losing everything they accepted his term.

解析:rather than 与 sooner than 同义,前者多见,均作“宁可……而不”解释,置于句首时,其后跟不带to不定式。

 

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半助动词

语法

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

    Last lesson,we learned the rest part of the Auxiliary Verb——Semi-auxiliary.From the form,Semi-auxiliary Verb can be divided into three types:(1) with 'be' as its core part (2)with 'have' as its core part (3)with ' seem' as its core part.Sme occasions,it can turn into 'it ……that 'sentence structure .

  • Exercises on the Book

1.It is said that he was a brillia

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语法

情态助动词

教育

分类: 语法专栏
  • Induction of Grammatical Points

     Last week,we have learned most part of the Auxiliary Verb.Though this lesson,we know that there are 13  modal verbs:can,could,may,might,will,would,shall,should,must,need,dare,ought to,used to.Sometimes even the same modal verb can express different meanings like ability,possibility,permission,obligation,necessity,prediction,and

willingness,etc.And when must means possibility,the degree of possibility ranks from high to low goes to must,will,would,ought to,should,can,could,may,might.

  • Exercises on the Book

1.A:The committee thin

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